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Exploring The Students’ Attitude, Motivation And Self Efficacy In Physics Learning: A Study In The Universities Of Technology In Taiwan

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2010 Annual Conference & Exposition


Louisville, Kentucky

Publication Date

June 20, 2010

Start Date

June 20, 2010

End Date

June 23, 2010



Conference Session

Programmatic Issues in Physics or Engineering Phys

Tagged Division

Engineering Physics & Physics

Page Count


Page Numbers

15.565.1 - 15.565.9

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Paper Authors

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Chih-Hsiung Ku National Dong-Hwa University, Taiwan(R.O.C.)

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Wen-Cheng Chen National Dong-Hwa University, Taiwan(R.O.C.)

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NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

Exploring the Students’ Attitude, Motivation and Self-efficacy in Physics Learning: A study in the Universities of Technology in Taiwan Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the reality of physics curriculum/learning in the universities of technology in Taiwan. It should be noticed, university of technology (UT) in Taiwan is categorized to vocational education system. Therefore, in physics learning, the performance of UT students should be something different from general university (GU) students. This study involved a survey, comprised of four sets of questionnaires concerning attitude toward physics, learning motivation, self-efficacy and learning states were investigated. Four instruments (Motivation toward learning test, Attitude toward physics test, Self-efficacy about learning test, Learning states test) were adopted in this study. The participants in this study were 3031 freshmen, and were sampled randomly from 12 UT in Taiwan. Participants were categorized as three groups by their majors–electricity and machines group (EMG), information engineering group (IEG), and other engineering group (OEG). Furthermore, in order to explore the differences between GU students and UT students in physics learning, another 249 engineering college students from a mid-level general university were selected randomly as the contrast group (CG). After data analysis, some interesting research findings were discussed and will be suggested to the practice of physics curriculum design in university of technology.

Background and Purpose

The last three decades, contemporary educational reforms around the world have gradually emphasized the development of student’s abilities about scientific understanding, critical thinking, creativity and problem-solving. Student should be equipped with properly proficiency for a productive adult life in the rapidly changing world. For example, knowledge and skills from science, technology, engineering, and mathematics—the so-called STEM fields—are crucial to everyone, and all students should be educated to be “STEM-capable” 1. However, there are many factors affecting students’ learning performance in school, such as students’ attitude, motivation, and self-efficacy.

Motivation is a crucial factor affecting students’ learning in school. It can be defined as any process that initiates and maintains learning behavior. Motivation is important for learning because students can not learn unless they are motivated 2. Therefore, motivation could be viewed as an essential pre-requisite and co-requisite for learning.

Attitude can be considered as a learning outcome. It is also a important factor that affects learning 3. Consequently, more positive student attitudes can be a factor in increasing enrolment in science course and amplifying learning science achievement4. So, it is important to understand the reality of student’s attitude toward physics in order to enhance their science learning achievement.

Self-efficacy beliefs provide the foundation for human’s motivation, well-being and personal accomplishment5. People have little incentive to act or to persevere in the face of difficulties unless they believe that their actions can produce the outcomes they desire. Generally, physics is

Ku, C., & Chen, W. (2010, June), Exploring The Students’ Attitude, Motivation And Self Efficacy In Physics Learning: A Study In The Universities Of Technology In Taiwan Paper presented at 2010 Annual Conference & Exposition, Louisville, Kentucky.

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