Asee peer logo

Facilitating Change in Instructional Practice in a Faculty Development Program through Classroom Observations and Formative Feedback Coaching

Download Paper |

Conference

2018 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Salt Lake City, Utah

Publication Date

June 23, 2018

Start Date

June 23, 2018

End Date

July 27, 2018

Conference Session

Supporting Faculty in Course Development and Pedagogy

Tagged Division

Continuing Professional Development

Page Count

17

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/30505

Download Count

54

Request a correction

Paper Authors

biography

Kara L. Hjelmstad Arizona State University

visit author page

Kara Hjelmstad is a faculty associate in Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College at Arizona State University.

visit author page

biography

Keith D. Hjelmstad Arizona State University

visit author page

Keith D. Hjelmstad is Professor of Civil Engineering in the School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment at Arizona State University.

visit author page

biography

Stephen J. Krause Arizona State University

visit author page

Stephen Krause is professor in the Materials Science Program in the Fulton School of Engineering at Arizona State University. He teaches in the areas of introductory materials engineering, polymers and composites, and capstone design. His research interests include evaluating conceptual knowledge, misconceptions and technologies to promote conceptual change. He has co-developed a Materials Concept Inventory and a Chemistry Concept Inventory for assessing conceptual knowledge and change for introductory materials science and chemistry classes. He is currently conducting research on NSF projects in two areas. One is studying how strategies of engagement and feedback with support from internet tools and resources affect conceptual change and associated impact on students' attitude, achievement, and persistence. The other is on the factors that promote persistence and success in retention of undergraduate students in engineering. He was a coauthor for best paper award in the Journal of Engineering Education in 2013.

visit author page

biography

Lindy Hamilton Mayled Arizona State University

visit author page

Lindy Hamilton Mayled is a PhD candidate at Grand Canyon University. She is pursuing her PhD in Psychology of Learning, Education, and Technology. Her background in in K-12 education where she has served as a high school science teacher, Instructional and Curriculum Coach, and Assistant Principal. Her research and areas of interest are in improving STEM educational outcomes for Low-SES students through the integration of active learning and technology-enabled frequent feedback. She currently works as the Project Manager for the NSF faculty development program based on evidence-based teaching practices.

visit author page

biography

Eugene Judson Arizona State University Orcid 16x16 orcid.org/https://0000-0002-0124-8476

visit author page

Eugene Judson is an Associate Professor of for the Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College at Arizona State University. He also serves as an Extension Services Consultant for the National Center for Women and Information Technology (NCWIT). His past experiences include having been a middle school science teacher, Director of Academic and Instructional Support for the Arizona Department of Education, a research scientist for the Center for Research on Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering and Technology (CRESMET), and an evaluator for several NSF projects. His first research strand concentrates on the relationship between educational policy and STEM education. His second research strand focuses on studying STEM classroom interactions and subsequent effects on student understanding. He is a co-developer of the Reformed Teaching Observation Protocol (RTOP) and his work has been cited more than 2200 times and he has been published in multiple peer-reviewed journals such as Science Education and the Journal of Research in Science Teaching.

visit author page

biography

Lydia Ross Arizona State University

visit author page

Lydia Ross is a doctoral candidate and graduate research assistant at Arizona State University. She is a third year student in the Educational Policy and Evaluation program. Her research interests focus on higher education equity and access, particularly within STEM.

visit author page

author page

Robert J. Culbertson

biography

James A. Middleton Arizona State University

visit author page

James A. Middleton is Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and former Director of the Center for Research on Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology at Arizona State University. Previously he held the Elmhurst Energy Chair in STEM education at the University of Birmingham in the UK. Dr. Middleton was Associate Dean for Research in the Mary Lou Fulton College of Education at Arizona State University, and Director of the Division of Curriculum and Instruction. He received his Ph.D. in Educational Psychology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1992, where he also served in the National Center for Research on Mathematical Sciences Education as a postdoctoral scholar.

visit author page

biography

Casey Jane Ankeny Northwestern University

visit author page

Casey J. Ankeny, PhD is an Assistant Professor of Instruction at Northwestern University. Casey received her bachelor’s degree in Biomedical Engineering from the University of Virginia in 2006 and her doctorate degree in Biomedical Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University in 2012 where she studied the role of shear stress in aortic valve disease. Currently, she is investigating cyber-based student engagement strategies in flipped and traditional biomedical engineering courses. She aspires to understand and improve student attitude, achievement, and persistence in student-centered courses.

visit author page

biography

Ying-Chih Chen Arizona State University

visit author page

Ying-Chih Chen is an assistant professor in the Division of Teacher Preparation at Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College at Arizona State University in Tempe, Arizona.

His research takes two distinct but interrelated paths focused on elementary students’ learning in science and engineering as well as in-service science teachers’ professional development. The first focus involves how language as a learning tool improves students’ conceptual understandings, literacy, and representation competencies in science. His second research focus is on how in-service teachers develop their knowledge for teaching science and engineering in argument-based inquiry classrooms. This research is aimed at developing measures of teachers’ Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) for adopting the argument-based inquiry approach, as well as developing tools to capture the interactive nature of PCK.

visit author page

Download Paper |

Abstract

To increase active learning in engineering education, faculty from seven engineering disciplines participated in an NSF professional development project. Faculty attended eight workshops on evidence-based instructional strategies (EBIS) in fall 2016 and six Community-of-Practice (CoP) discussion sessions in spring 2017.

Six classroom observations were conducted over the course of the year—two in the fall and four in the spring using the Reformed Teaching Observation Protocol (RTOP) administered by trained observers. The RTOP is a 25-item tool that measures student-centered vs. teacher-centered instruction in STEM disciplines. In the CoP discussions participants learned about the RTOP instrument and what it measured. Subsequently, 22 of 27 participants signed up for individual conferences to discuss their observations and scores with an instructional coach. This formative feedback, using the RTOP results to guide the discussion, has proven to be effective in getting faculty to embrace active learning.

The individual coaching conferences included a review of the RTOP rubric, self-reflection on their instruction, and brainstorming specifics strategies learned in the workshops the previous semester to incorporate into their future teaching practices. In addition to the RTOP scores, participants were provided with one to three areas of reinforcement (what went well) and one to three areas of refinement (areas to improve) from each observation, using the language from the RTOP rubric. At the end of the spring semester, 14 participants had follow-up conferences that confirmed implementation of the strategies discuss earlier and afforded the opportunity to reflect on their success. Several principles of coaching were developed during this first year. Because the feedback was formative, conversations centered around how to use the information for improvement. Formative feedback from instructional coaching provided a roadmap for improvement, and helped move the conversation away from final, summative evaluations of teaching ability that are commonly a part of performance reviews. Feedback was specific and timely. Having the common language of content from the workshops and the RTOP rubric aided communication in the coaching process. Discussing pedagogy with a coach who had actually been in their classroom multiple times seemed to enhance rapport. Using the CoP to discuss disciplinary content as it related to teaching complemented the pedagogy discussions participants had with the instructional coach. The results of the aggregated RTOP data collected from this first group of faculty will be used to guide coaching strategies for future cohorts.

Using RTOP observations in conjunction with instructional coaching provided an opportunity to give instructors direct formative feedback on their teaching in the exact context of the teaching environment they experience. This hands-on approach amplified and solidified their learning about pedagogies of engagement that were provided in the more theoretical context of the workshops. This combination shows promise as a tool for faculty development in teaching.

Hjelmstad, K. L., & Hjelmstad, K. D., & Krause, S. J., & Mayled, L. H., & Judson, E., & Ross, L., & Culbertson, R. J., & Middleton, J. A., & Ankeny, C. J., & Chen, Y. (2018, June), Facilitating Change in Instructional Practice in a Faculty Development Program through Classroom Observations and Formative Feedback Coaching Paper presented at 2018 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Salt Lake City, Utah. https://peer.asee.org/30505

ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2018 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015