March 24, 2021
March 24, 2021
March 26, 2021
First-Year Engineering Program Curriculum ReDesign
The accelerating evolution of student mindsets and industry needs is driving a revisiting of the structure of first-year engineering programs. Following two years of parsing student performance results, instructor surveys, employer/recruiter feedback, and student evaluations, a new first-year and second-year engineering student curriculum was created with skillset and content-knowledge objectives attuned to the future that lay ahead for engineering students.
The engineering leadership team chose to address the need for change using a deliberate “re-building strategy” (Kolmos et al., 2015). This choice involved invoking “a process oriented approach to the remaking of a curriculum…, involving external stakeholders. This applies sound systems engineering principles to the engineering curriculum itself.” (Kolmos et al., 2015)
This paper documents the new design structure to include literature guiding the rebuild. The study concludes with exploration of a framework for addressing and managing the need to maintain an evolving curriculum going forward. Included will be a comprehensive discussion of the challenges driving the need for a rebuild. These items will be clearly delineated to include an exploration of the varied solutions considered. “The re-building strategy…is a fundamental change of academic view linking academia with societal context and needs…by emphasizing a shared set of values, identity and commitment. It is about educating engineers who will become change agents after graduation, with an understanding of stakeholder needs and the wider societal impact of engineered systems within the innovation process.” (Kolmos et al., 2015) Although the need to re-build the curriculum was identified based on deficiencies, the desire to produce graduates equipped to impact society, or change agents, became the vision.
The previous first-year and second-year engineering courses were fully replaced by a feedback-driven reconstruct that immediately immerses incoming freshmen in a course focused on computer program design, algorithmic thinking and problem-solving, using Python, with a weekly peppering of digital explorations of various engineering disciplines. Many of the lab assignments for this course involve developing code to address challenges encountered in their concurrent calculus course. All engineering students begin as general engineering students and follow the same course progression for their first three semesters before continuing into more specialized courses. The student may apply for acceptance to a specific major following a successful second semester, yet they will continue with the third course in the common sequence whether or not they are accepted into a major.
Many students select engineering following counselor guidance referencing significant math and science capabilities, but the students often do not fully understand the myriad opportunities and rigorous cognitive demands that populate their chosen path. The discovery of this student naivety was the driving force behind development of weekly online self-paced multimedia explorations to introduce the incoming freshmen to the many engineering options. Though currently organized by major, there is consideration of an adjustment to present whole industries each week while highlighting the variability of engineering majors working in those industries.
During the second and third semesters, the students move into a cross-curricular mode wherein the engineering course lecture and lab mirrors the concurrent physics course concepts such that lab activities are a practical, tangible demonstration of the physics concepts addressed in the classroom lessons. The engineering lecture is then a mixture of concept extensions and further application of the physics lessons as well as an opportunity to incorporate engineering ethics studies into the core engineering courses. As further support of the tenets of the approach strategy, “The development of the new first-year engineering program at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth began with a review of the education literature. The literature is consistent, and often overwhelming, in the following conclusions: - Active and collaborative learning techniques can result in higher performance and longer information retention compared to the traditional methods. - Integrating math, science, and engineering courses is an effective means to teaching students to deal successfully with cross-disciplinary problems.” (Pendergrass et al., 2001)
The research data sources pointed increasingly towards the need to develop student programming and collaboration skills quickly to better prepare for the data processing and analysis demands of their upcoming courses.
This study will explore the details of the proposed new supporting first-year engineering structure with an inherent purpose of providing guidance for colleges assessing options for a first-year engineering curriculum refresh.
Brooks, R. H. (2021, March), First-Year Engineering Program Curriculum ReDesign Paper presented at ASEE 2021 Gulf-Southwest Annual Conference, Waco, Texas. https://peer.asee.org/36379
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