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Flipping a Structures Class in a Construction Science Program

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2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Seattle, Washington

Publication Date

June 14, 2015

Start Date

June 14, 2015

End Date

June 17, 2015





Conference Session

Pedagogical Approaches in Construction Education

Tagged Division


Page Count


Page Numbers

26.783.1 - 26.783.8



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Paper Authors


Lisa M. Holliday University of Oklahoma

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Dr. Holliday received her bachelor's degree from the University of Oklahoma. After working for several years in the industry both in engineering design and estimating, she returned to the University of Oklahoma to pursue a PhD. During her PhD she was a Fulbright Fellow and a David L. Boren National Security Fellow studying earthquake resistant structures in developing areas and has studied structures in Turkey, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Haiti. She was also a National Science Foundation Teaching Fellow. She joined the Construction Science faculty at the University of Oklahoma in 2010. Dr. Holliday is a registered Professional Engineer. Her research interests have been in the areas of structural engineering, earthquake resistant buildings, low-cost earthquake solutions, and design and construction of earthen buildings – specifically Compressed Earth Blocks (CEB). Dr. Holliday participated in the assessment and evaluation following the May 20th 2013 Moore, OK tornado. Her most recent research interest is healthy and safe school designs.

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Camilo Pena University of Oklahoma

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Camilo Pena is a Graduate Student in Architecture at the University of Oklahoma and a Research Assistant for the College of Architecture and the Center for Spatial Analysis at OU. His main interest is in understanding how social factors shape architectural design in order to provide a balanced environment between occupants and construction. He is also interested in climate responsive building design and the consciousness of using an effective design method for the reduction of the environmental impact.

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Somik Ghosh University of Oklahoma

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Dr. Ghosh is an Assistant Professor in the Construction Science Division at the University of Oklahoma. Ghosh received his PhD in Environmental Design and Planning from Virginia Tech after completing his MS in Construction Management from Michigan State University, and Bachelor of Architecture from Jadavpur University (India). His teaching and research interests are focused on adoption of lean principles in the design and construction industry, and different pedagogical approaches.

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Flipping a Structures Class in a Construction Science ProgramStructures topics such as Statics and Strength of Materials have traditionally been taught with thelecture format of teaching. In this format, the topic is: 1) Introduced by lecture to explain the principals involved. 2) Examples are worked in class to reinforce those principals. 3) Students perform homework to further reinforcing the materials. 4) Finally students are tested to determine their knowledge of the topic material.Research has shown that during the lecture portion of the learning, students are not actively involved inthe learning process. The lecture portion of the learning process is the largest amount of time thestudents and instructor spend together and during this learning step students are not actively involved.In this traditional teaching model, students are most actively learning during the homework assignmentsthat occurs during a time students are working away from the instructor. The ******** ConstructionScience Division structures professor at the University of ******** has flipped this learning process bydoing the more active and authentic learning in the classroom. The professor tasked the students withreviewing the lecture material in advance and then spent class time working on the homework in thehopes of increasing authentic learning. This learning model was generally successful but there werelessons learned. Using the lessons learned in the preceding year, the process was revised and repeatedthe next year with greater success. The process of flipping a structures class and the lessons learned arediscussed in this paper with planned refinements to the process.

Holliday, L. M., & Pena, C., & Ghosh, S. (2015, June), Flipping a Structures Class in a Construction Science Program Paper presented at 2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, Washington. 10.18260/p.24120

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