St. Louis, Missouri
June 18, 2000
June 18, 2000
June 21, 2000
5.314.1 - 5.314.7
Session # 3549
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM AS A COMPLEMENT TO THE INFORMATION SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM AT PENN STATE UNIVERSITY
Francis W. Derby, Ph.D., Willie Ofosu, Ph.D.
The Pennsylvania State University P. O. Box PSU Lehman, PA 18627
Current technological advances are emphasizing the need for cross-disciplinary training and expertise. The technology for managing information is transforming the manner in which information is captured, processed, stored, and disseminated. A catalyst to the development is the need for timely information by administrators, technicians, businesses, and the public in general. One application where cross-disciplinary expertise becomes evident is in the development and utilization of Geographic Information System (GIS).
As a resource management and decision support tool, a GIS enables users to analyze spatially referenced data. The system depends, for its effectiveness, on the variety and volume of data that must be gathered. The effectiveness of the system is dictated by the use of computers and database management systems. These requirements imply that GIS analysts have to be adequately versed in Information Sciences and Technology (IST).
Components of an IST program that meet the requirements in GIS are information management and data communications. Proper acquisition, analysis, and handling of information are critical in making the information useful to decision makers, as well as, other users of the information. Computer technology and database management support such applications. Training of personnel in GIS should cover topics in both geography with reference to the population, and information systems with a healthy concentration in computer technology. Penn State University has initiated an IST program and it is intended to make GIS one of the course offerings.
In recent years, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have become standard tools for Federal, local and private agencies to plan developments, determine the most appropriate location for
Derby, F. W., & Ofosu, W. (2000, June), Geographic Information Systems As A Complement To Information Science Technology Program Paper presented at 2000 Annual Conference, St. Louis, Missouri. 10.18260/1-2--8404
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