June 18, 2006
June 18, 2006
June 21, 2006
11.671.1 - 11.671.12
Green Engineering Design through Project-based Industrial Partnerships
Student projects have examined the impact of green engineering on both R&D and manufacturing in several chemical industries. This has been accomplished through industry- university partnerships with pharmaceutical and petrochemical companies. Several grants from the US Environmental Protection Agency have supported initiatives in green chemistry, engineering and design. These projects have the broader goal of supporting sustainability in the chemical industry.
Too often the teaching of a technical subject like green engineering is limited to an individual class experience or one dimensional laboratory or design experience. The teaching of green engineering in the curriculum is greatly enhanced by active participation of students throughout the curriculum and in real-world projects. Green engineering is a multidisciplinary topic that if practiced to the fullest would greatly impact how industry operates and provide a sustainable future. Rowan University is incorporating green engineering into its curricula in various course and our latest efforts (as described in this paper) are to actively involve industry in green engineering projects through our engineering clinic program.
The EPA originally defined green engineering as the design, commercialization and use of processes and products that are feasible and economical while minimizing the generation of pollution at the source and also minimizing risk to human health and the environment . The definition of green engineering was more broadly defined in a recent conference (Sandestin, Florida, 2003) to transforming existing engineering disciplines and practices to those that lead to sustainability. Green engineering incorporates development and implementation of products, processes, and systems that meet technical and cost objectives while protecting human health and welfare and elevating the protection of the biosphere as a criterion in engineering solutions . Nine green engineering principles were developed as a result of this conference. Engineers should follow these principles to fully implement green engineering solutions: 1. Engineer processes and products holistically, use systems analysis, and integrate environmental impact assessment tools. 2. Conserve and improve natural ecosystems while protecting human health and well-being. 3. Use life cycle thinking in all engineering activities. 4. Ensure that all material and energy inputs and outputs are as inherently safe and benign as possible. 5. Minimize depletion of natural resources. 6. Strive to prevent waste. 7. Develop and apply engineering solutions, while being cognizant of local geography, aspirations and cultures.
Slater, C. S., & Savelski, M., & Hesketh, R. (2006, June), Green Engineering Design Through Project Based Industrial Partnerships Paper presented at 2006 Annual Conference & Exposition, Chicago, Illinois. https://peer.asee.org/168
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