June 24, 2007
June 24, 2007
June 27, 2007
12.794.1 - 12.794.10
Growing Globalization of Engineering Practice: Raising National Awareness
In this paper, we illustrate how a number of factors are driving the globalization of engineering practice, and we present the highlights of a recent survey that was conducted to better characterize the current state of international opportunities for engineering students, including the trends, general themes, and major exceptions.
The value of an international cognizance, in the context of engineering education, has been the subject of much research. A recent study, In Search of Global Engineering Excellence1, summarizes the large majority of these findings:
The ability to live and work in a global community is — today — an important requirement for engineering graduates. They need to have broad engineering skills and know-how, and to be flexible and mobile, and able to work internationally.
Regrettably, the fulfillment of this international cognizance within the United States has gone largely unmet. Study and work abroad programs are driven by the priorities and plans of an educational institution, and when there is cooperation among universities, it is usually only ad hoc at best.
There is, however, a growing realization of the inadequacy of the United States’ approach. In this paper, we present how publications such as ABET’s Engineering Criteria 2000 and the National Academy of Engineering’s The Engineer of 2020 are bringing attention to globalization in engineering. Additionally, we offer the results of a recent non-scientific survey performed to help characterize how universities are attempting to increase their numbers of engineering students studying abroad.
2 Globalization in Engineering
As Friedman notes2, the world is becoming flat – economic competition between industrial countries and emerging market countries can no longer be separated. As an example, India and China are rapidly entering the complex global supply chains, primarily due to the Internet.
A flat world requires American engineers to be capable of working in a global context, whether they find employment within the United States or internationally. This fact is becoming apparent throughout organizations within the United States, with national engineering organizations emphasizing the importance of learning outcomes and related skills development for engineering students. Below we present how ABET’s Engineering Criteria 2000 and the National Academy of Engineering’s The Engineer of 2020 are bringing attention to the need for globalization in engineering. Collectively, these publications have raised both awareness within the engineering
Riha, A., & Rover, D., & Apple-Smith, J., & Melsa, J. (2007, June), Growing Globalization Of Engineering Practice: Raising National Awareness Paper presented at 2007 Annual Conference & Exposition, Honolulu, Hawaii. https://peer.asee.org/2580
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