June 24, 2007
June 24, 2007
June 27, 2007
12.795.1 - 12.795.12
Growing Research in a Traditionally Teaching-oriented College
There is increasing pressure on universities to contribute to ‘the knowledge society’ by increasing the level of research activity and output within the university. This is particularly true in the sciences, engineering and technology. This increased pressure applies equally to traditionally teaching-oriented colleges (TTOC), although not at the same scale as research-intensive universities. For the TTOC, given the primacy of teaching, this paper discusses the nexus between teaching and research and the question ‘why do research?’ is addressed within the overarching goal of embedding a research culture within the college. Initiatives to develop and grow sustainable research activity in traditionally teaching-oriented colleges are introduced and discussed. It seeks to answer the question as to how such initiatives can prove successful in both North American and European colleges.
Economic Context, Rationale and Justification for Research Activity
It is recognised and acknowledged that success in science, technology and innovation are key components to the economic and social progress of regions and countries. In an increasingly global world, high levels of investment in research and innovation are essential, both for economic competitiveness, and to yield innovations in areas which make tangible improvements to our quality of life, such as in healthcare and environmental technologies.
Within Europe, growing research capability is a core component of the European Union’s (EU) stated drive to become the most competitive and dynamic, knowledge- driven economic area. The EU “Lisbon” agenda is aimed at making Europe more competitive and innovative on the world stage. The European Council agreed that Europe as a whole should aim to reach a target of spending 3% of GDP on R&D by 2010, with two thirds of that spend to come from industry. While some EU countries such as Finland and Sweden are above that target, Ireland (at 1.2%) remains substantially below it (see Figure 1 below).
Murphy, M., & Dyrenfurth, M. (2007, June), Growing Research In A Traditionally Teaching Oriented College Paper presented at 2007 Annual Conference & Exposition, Honolulu, Hawaii. 10.18260/1-2--2341
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2007 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015