June 22, 2008
June 22, 2008
June 25, 2008
13.660.1 - 13.660.12
Guided Inquiry Lessons for Introduction to Materials Abstract
This proposal describes a project to develop and test new classroom materials for the Introduction to Materials course within the engineering curriculum that utilize an active learning, team-based approach. This pedagogy has been termed Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL), and is based upon the learning cycle model. Rather than sitting in traditional lectures, students work in teams to complete worksheets that guide them through the process of learning. In this way students are actively engaged in processing the information and have the opportunity to utilize and develop important skills such as teamwork, communication, and critical thinking. Assessment of the effectiveness of this approach is being conducted using measures of content knowledge through the Materials Concept Inventory and student self- assessment of their learning through the Student Assessment of Learning Gains. Preliminary analysis of data from the MCI for a portion of the control group shows that there are significant gains in learning even in a traditional lecture class, and that the MCI appears to have some bias against women.
Traditional models of teaching are focused on the delivery of content. It is assumed that learning occurs by the instructor telling the students the information. The problem with this approach is that it does not match with the research on learning. The well-known cognitive model of learning, developed in the field of psychology, describes the processes by which a learner acquires new information.1 Figure 1 illustrates this model. The key point to note in this model is that information is actively manipulated in the mind of the learner within the context of the existing structure of the learner’s long-term memory. The learner has essentially three options: 1) The information can be accommodated into the existing structure. The traditional lecture approach assumes that this always occurs; 2) The new information does not fit into the existing
Information is Information Environment Learner focuses impacts senses manipulated in influences on key stimuli working memory behavior
Long term memory is consulted and/or changed to accommodate new data.
Figure 1: Schematic diagram illustrating the cognitive model
Douglas, E. (2008, June), Guided Inquiry Lessons For Introduction To Materials Paper presented at 2008 Annual Conference & Exposition, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. https://peer.asee.org/3127
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