June 24, 2007
June 24, 2007
June 27, 2007
12.802.1 - 12.802.13
HP University Relations: helping build engineering capacity in Latin America
Engineering is key to economic growth for developed as well as developing countries. Engineering education and capacity building is a critical pillar in developing knowledge-based economies. Science, technology, engineering and innovation play a fundamental role in the creation of wealth and economic development and in the improvement of the quality of life for all citizens globally. This paper describes the role that HP University Relations is playing in the Latin America region in building engineering/science human capacity and infrastructure; from engineering education activities, sponsored research, and infrastructure projects; to student and faculty internships and the development of new technology communities. The paper will describe specific examples and the role of academia, government; non-governmental organizations as well as HP and other partners are playing.
I. Introduction – on capacity building, technology infrastructure and innovation
Recent research by ECLAC (UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean)  on the contribution of investment and other sources of funding to Latin America’s growth during 1960-20021 , describes four broad periods in Latin America’s growth experience: (1) The 1960s, representing the last “gold decade” of the import substitution industrialization (ISI) strategy combined with mixed external conditions; (2) the 1970s, representing the accelerated decay of the ISI model and mixed external conditions (improved terms of trade for oil exporters but falling terms of trade for non- oil exporters, and low real external interest rates); (3) The 1980s, representing the debt crisis and lost “decade”, which marks the accelerated transition from the ISI to a new export-led development strategy, a period of stabilization and reforms combined with deteriorated external conditions; and (4) the 1990s and early 2000s, associated with the gradual insertion of Latin America into the new globalization era: growth recovers but modestly compared to the 1960s and 1970s.
The research  found that secondary education was an important force contributing to per capita GDP growth during the 1960s and 1970s but its role declined in the 1980s and further in the 1990s and 2000s, as coverage of secondary education increased. The evidence suggests that education policies should incorporate new forms of expanding the base of human capital, mainly through efforts to improve the quality of all types of education and other training that facilitates a dynamic adoption of new technologies.
1 The research combined growth accounting and regression analysis, and is based on a sample of the six largest Latin American countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Venezuela) which produce nearly 90 per cent of Latin America’s GDP.
Morell, L., & Trucco, M., & Torres-Caballero, E., & Andrade, F. (2007, June), Hewlett Packard University Relations: Helping Build Engineering Capacity In Latin America Paper presented at 2007 Annual Conference & Exposition, Honolulu, Hawaii. https://peer.asee.org/1547
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