July 26, 2021
July 26, 2021
July 19, 2022
Educational Research and Methods
Engineering students used ClassTranscribe, an accessible video player, in multiple engineering courses to view course videos and search for video content. The tool collected detailed timestamped student behavioral data from 1,894 students across 25 engineering courses that included what individual students searched for and when. A previous analysis, published in ASEE 2020 , found that using ClassTranscribe caption search significantly predicted improvement in final exam scores in a computer science course. In this paper we present how students used the search functionality based on a more detailed analysis of the log data. ClassTranscribe automatically created captions and transcripts for all lecture videos using an Azure speech-to-text system that was supplemented with crowd-sourced editing to fix captioning errors. The search functionality used the timestamped caption data to find specific video moments both within the current video or across the entire course. The number of search activities per person ranged from zero to 186 events. An in-depth analysis of the students (N=167) who performed 1,022 searches was conducted to gain insight into student search needs and behaviors. Based on the total number of searches performed, students were grouped into “Infrequent Searcher” (< 18 searches) and “Frequent Searcher” (18 to 110 searches) using clustering algorithms. The search queries used by each group were found to follow the Zipf’s Law and were categorized into STEM-related terms, course logistics and others. Our study reports on students’ search context, behaviors, strategies, and optimizations. Using Universal Design for Learning as a foundation, we discuss the implications for educators, designers, and developers who are interested in providing new learning pathways to support and enhance video-based learning environments.
Zhang, Z., & Bhavya, B., & Angrave, L., & Sui, R., & Kooper, R., & Mahipal, C., & Huang, Y. (2021, July), How Students Search Video Captions to Learn: An Analysis of Search Terms and Behavioral Timing Data Paper presented at 2021 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual Conference. https://peer.asee.org/37257
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2021 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015