June 14, 2015
June 14, 2015
June 17, 2015
26.888.1 - 26.888.19
Impact of Narrative, Character Creation, and Game Mechanics on Student Engagement in a Game-Based Chemical Engineering Laboratory CourseGame-based learning (GBL) has become an increasingly popular method of instruction due to itsperceived effectiveness in engaging students. Many implementations of GBL rely on points,badges, and rewards to encourage student participation. However, these game mechanics alonedo not in and of themselves lead to many of the benefits that GBL can bring, such as studentmotivation, engagement, and, as a result, learning. Other elements of games, such as aesthetics,narrative, and character development, are necessary for a complete game-based experience.Elements of deeper game aesthetics were introduced to a chemical engineering laboratory coursethat had already used the points and rewards model for two semesters of the course. In theprevious model, students were split into groups of 7 to 9 students and were given points forperforming optional tasks that would assist them in producing high-quality data fromexperiments and preparing well-written laboratory reports. A new game mechanic wasimplemented that sorted these tasks by difficulty and awarded three different types of points.Several times throughout the semester, each group would have a certain number of pointsdeducted, starting with the points that are easiest to attain and progressing to the points that arehardest to gain. At the end of the semester, any remaining hard-to-achieve points are convertedinto actual grade points. By this method, students are encouraged to keep pursuing andcompleting optional tasks.With this structure in place, a narrative was constructed to justify why the points were beingtaken. Certain student actions, such as the number of students that performed a certain task,could have positive or negative impacts on the narrative of the game, making students feel asthough their participation had consequences. Students could also forge identities within thegame, giving themselves special in-game names and self-selected abilities that would influencethe game further. These systems were put in place to give students a greater sense of ownershipand stake in the game itself, both of which should positively impact participation.Based on student post-semester reflections and participation in the optional tasks, the new gamemechanic has been well-received by students. On post-semester surveys, students stated that thegame elements made them think about the course more than they would have otherwise and thatthe optional game elements made the students feel like the instructors cared about teaching thecourse. Students also commented that the presence of the optional game elements was not adistraction from their understanding of the course material. The impact of the narrative andcharacter creation are still being evaluated, but results will be available at the end of the fall 2014semester. Initial student response to these elements has been extremely positive. In the future, acomputer graphical interface could enhance the student experience further, leading to greaterengagement with the course.
Anastasio, D. D., & Suresh, A., & Burkey, D. D. (2015, June), Impact of Narrative, Character Creation, and Game Mechanics on Student Engagement in a Game-based Chemical Engineering Laboratory Course Paper presented at 2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, Washington. 10.18260/p.24225
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