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Improving Confidence Level and Performance of First Generation and Female Students using Metacognition Strategies

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2012 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


San Antonio, Texas

Publication Date

June 10, 2012

Start Date

June 10, 2012

End Date

June 13, 2012



Conference Session

Developing Young MINDS in Engineering, Part II

Tagged Division

Minorities in Engineering

Page Count


Page Numbers

25.743.1 - 25.743.11



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Paper Authors


Quamrul H. Mazumder University of Michigan, Flint

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Quamrul Mazumder is a professor of mechanical engineering at University of Michigan, Flint. His research interests includes computational fluid dynamics, metacognition approaches of learning, active and experiential learning, renewable energy, and global engineering education. His teaching areas are fluid mechanics, renewable energy, introduction to engineering, and senior design.

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Improving Confidence Level and Performance of First Generation and Female Students using Metacognition StrategiesThe number of first generation students in engineering program has been growing during pastfew years. On the other hand the number of female students enrolled in engineering andtechnology program is continued to be lower even the number of overall female students atuniversities has increased. First Generation students enter college with different cultural, socio-economic background that may hinder their success. Both groups possess lower confidence levelthat may impose barriers to their success. The objective of this study is to investigate thelongitudinal impact of how metacognition strategies can be used to improve the confidencelevels that may contribute to their academic performance.This study used quantitative analysis using confidence levels measured with in-class surveysbefore and after lectures. Exam scores were used to measure the impact of the variables usingnon-parametric descriptive statistics, repeated measure correlational and paired sample t-tests.The results demonstrated that both first generation and female students improved theirperformance throughout the semester and performed better than other students in the classResults of this study concludes that the use of metacognition strategies have an impact onimproving first generation and female students confidence and academic performance bymotivating them to employ better study habits. Further it may be that the differences cited in theopening sentence provide these students with having greater motivation to perform betteracademically. These findings can be used to understand how metacognition strategies can beused for improving performance as well as retention and graduation rates of first generation andfemale students in engineering programs.

Mazumder, Q. H. (2012, June), Improving Confidence Level and Performance of First Generation and Female Students using Metacognition Strategies Paper presented at 2012 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, San Antonio, Texas. 10.18260/1-2--21500

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