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Incorporating Equatorial Environmental Conditions Into An Appropriate Technology

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2007 Annual Conference & Exposition


Honolulu, Hawaii

Publication Date

June 24, 2007

Start Date

June 24, 2007

End Date

June 27, 2007



Conference Session

Marketing Engineering to Minority Students

Tagged Division

Minorities in Engineering

Page Count


Page Numbers

12.871.1 - 12.871.7



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Paper Authors


Willie Ofosu Pennsylvania State University-Wilkes-Barre

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Willie K. Ofosu

Dr. Willie K. Ofosu is an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering Technology at Pennsylvania State University. He teaches telecommunications, wireless systems, networking, optoelectronics and analog and digital electronic at the Wilkes-Barre campus. He is a member of IEEE, IEE (England), and a Chartered Engineer (CEng) of England. He is currently involved in international activities in cooperation with some faculty members at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in Ghana. He is an advocate of diversity in the educational environment. Dr. Ofosu received his Ph.D. from the Electronic Systems Engineering Department at University of Essex in England.

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Ahmed Abdul-Rahman Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

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Ahmed Abdul-Rahman has BSc in Electrical/Electronic Engineering from Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana. and MSc in Radio Systems Engineering from University of Hull, England. He teaches Electromagnetic Fields, Antenna and Microwave Engineering, and Electricity and Magnetism at KNUST. His research interest is in Electromagnetics and Microwave Components and Circuits.

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Emmanuel Nutsuklo Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

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Emmanuel Nutsuklo is a final year student inElectrical and Computer Engineering. His interest is in adapting technology for application in the equatorial region.

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Michael Brenu Osae Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

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Michael Brenu Osae is a final year student in Electrical and Computer Engineering. His interest is in adapting technology for application in the equatorial region.

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NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

Incorporating Equatorial Environmental Conditions in an Appropriate Technology


The development of technology coupled with the idea of global village is driving a trend that is advancing development of under developed nations through transfer of technology. To date, the transfer has mostly been in the form of finished products such as equipment being sold to developing nations. The designs for the pieces of equipment were initially inspired by technological needs in temperate regions. The design criteria were therefore in part, based on the environmental conditions of the temperate regions.

Incorporating equatorial regional environmental conditions as part of the design criteria may extend the life time of any equipment intended for use in the equatorial regions however, this may imply added costs that manufacturers may have to bear. This paper discusses how industry and academic institutions may cooperate in training a workforce whose objective will be to ensure best practices in the design, manufacture and operating equipment designated for equatorial regions.

The approach used in this paper is by suggesting design parameters that may be incorporated in design criteria for technologies that may be employed in equatorial regions. The paper will also discuss the initial step that has been taken through the support of Engineering Information Foundation (EiF).


Advancements in technological development has always been associated with developed nations, however market forces have always opened up developing nations to the results of the developments. It is therefore not surprising that technologies that are new in developed nations can also be found in developing nations. What can present a difference is that in developed nations, adequately trained manpower would be found to operate the system whereas this may not be the case in all developing nations. Due to costs involved in many such endeavors, it is important that the particular technology is proficiently evaluated to ensure that it is the system needed for the particular application desired and that the results when the technology is applied, will effectively achieve the planned objective.

With the view to adapting the technology to local conditions, the factors that are used in assessing it for the planned objective should involve a study of applying the technology in the equatorial environment. The aim is to ensure that the technology is appropriate for the environment, and will produce the needed results.

Ofosu, W., & Abdul-Rahman, A., & Nutsuklo, E., & Brenu Osae, M. (2007, June), Incorporating Equatorial Environmental Conditions Into An Appropriate Technology Paper presented at 2007 Annual Conference & Exposition, Honolulu, Hawaii. 10.18260/1-2--1822

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