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Incorporating Sustainability throughout the Manufacturing Engineering Technology Curriculum

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2014 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Indianapolis, Indiana

Publication Date

June 15, 2014

Start Date

June 15, 2014

End Date

June 18, 2014



Conference Session

Curriculum & Student Enrollment I

Tagged Division

Engineering Technology

Page Count


Page Numbers

24.731.1 - 24.731.16



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Paper Authors


Immanuel Adaikalaraj Edinbarough University of Texas, Brownsville

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Immanuel A. Edinbarough received his B.Sc. (Applied Sciences) degree from PSG College of Technology, University of Madras, India, his B.E.. (M.E.) degree from the Institution of Engineers, India, M.E. (Production Engineering) degree from PSG College of Technology, Bharathiar Univesrity, India and his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the Bharathiar University, India. He is currently a professor and Director of Engineering Technology at The University of Texas at Brownsville (UTB). Prior to joining the faculty at UTB he was a visiting professor at the Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY. Also, an Associate Professor of Production Engineering Technology at PSG College of Technology Bharathiar University, India, where he served as the Director of Computer Vision Laboratory and National Cadet Corps – Engineering Division Director. With over 26 years of teaching and research experience in manufacturing/mechanical engineering and engineering technology, he currently teaches in the areas of CAD/CAM/CIM, Robotics & Automation, Product and Process Design, Materials and Manufacturing processes, Machine Design, Renewable Energy and Micro Manufacturing. His current research interests include Robotics, CIM, Sustainable Manufacturing, Micro Machining and Engineering & Technology Education. He has published several papers, in these areas, in various national & international conferences and journals. He has worked in heavy and light manufacturing industries manufacturing pumps, motors, and CNC machine tools in the areas of system design, production planning and control and manufacturing. Edinbarough also served in paramilitary forces and in the Air Force. He is a Life Member of the ISTE, a senior life member of the IE (India), a member of the ASEE & SME, and a licensed Professional Engineer (P.E.) in the state of Texas.

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Posinasetti Nageswara Rao University of Northern Iowa

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Dr. Nageswara Rao, P. (P. N. Rao) is a professor of Technology at University of Northern Iowa in Cedar Falls, Iowa. He taught at Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, before coming to USA. He received his B. E. degree in Mechanical Engineering from Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, M. E. degree from Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani and Ph. D. from Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India. His current teaching and research interests include Manufacturing Engineering, Metal Cutting, CNC, CAD/CAM, Product Design, Sustainability, Additive Manufacturing (RP), CIM, Tool Design, CAPP, MEMS and Nano Education, and Technology Education. He is the author and co-author of a number of research papers in national and international journals and conferences along with a number of textbooks.

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Kanchan Das East Carolina University

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Dr. Kanchan Das is an Associate Professor in the Technology Systems Department of East Carolina University, North Carolina. He received his PhD in Industrial Engineering from University of Windsor, Ontario. He is a member of INFORMS, IIE, and Decision Sciences Institute. His research interests include mathematical modeling of cellular and flexible manufacturing systems design, reliability consideration in the design of cellular manufacturing system, design and planning of supply chain management. He also conducts research in sustainability consideration in supply chain planning, supply chain risk management and humanitarian logistics planning.

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Incorporating Sustainability throughout the Manufacturing Engineering Technology CurriculumManufacturing systems though create material wealth for humans; they consume a great amountof resources while generating a lot of waste. The waste generated during the manufacturingprocesses, at the use phase , and after the end of the life of the products is responsible for thedegradation of the environment. The harmful effects of our consumption and its final impact onthe humankind are well known [1, 2]. Various governments, national and international agencieshave been making efforts to generate strategies and action plans to educate the people andorganizations to strive towards this goal as soon as possible.In the USA, according to the government estimates, manufacturing consumes about one-third ofthe total energy used in the country. Therefore it is imperative that manufacturing industries needto strive for “Sustainable Manufacturing” on their part. Thus it is important for themanufacturing engineering technology students to have a clear understanding of Sustainabilityfrom the very early stage so that they can link it with every aspect of manufacturing. This willhelp them not only to get a better understanding of Sustainability but also to actually practice itin various stages of manufacturing.Sustainable or green manufacturing can be broadly classified into the three major areas of amanufacturing enterprise as: ● Product Design for Sustainability ● Sustainable Manufacturing Processes ● Sustainable Manufacturing Systems (process/industrial engineering)The various core courses taught to manufacturing engineering technology students as per theSME four pillar methodology fall into these three categories. It is therefore necessary to includethe sustainable practices in each of these areas at various stages of teaching these courses. Thiswill help the students to link the sustainable practices in a realistic manner in relation to the coreconcepts of manufacturing engineering technology.The goal of this paper is to develop a comprehensive manufacturing engineering technologycurriculum incorporating sustainable or green manufacturing concepts. The research approachbeing employed is the utilization of surveys and focus group interviews to capture the essentialsustainability concepts that are required to be included in the curriculum.The paper will present the details of developing the manufacturing engineering technologycurriculum with the sustainability practices and the model curriculum that can be implemented intwo year and four year manufacturing engineering technology program.SELECTED REFERENCES[1] Kara, S., S. Manmek, S., and Kaebernick,H. (2007). An Integrated Methodology to Estimatethe External Environmental Costs of Products, CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology, 56(1), 9–12.[2] Environmental facts (2010), Ecocycle,, Retrieved on Oct 28, 2011.[3] Jawahir, I. S., Wanigarathne, P. C., & Wang, X. (2006). Product Design and ManufacturingProcesses for Sustainability. Chapter 12 Mechanical Engineers’ Handbook: Manufacturing andManagement, Volume 3, Third Edition, Edited by Myer Kutz, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 414-443.[4] Trevor S. Harding (2004), Life Cycle Assessment as a Tool for Green ManufacturingEducation, Proceedings of the 2004 American Society for Engineering Education AnnualConference & Exposition.[5] ISO, 2006, ISO 14040 (2006), Environmental Management–Life Cycle Assessment–Principles and Framework, International Standards Organization.[6] Zhang, J. Z., Rao, P. N., & Eckman, M. (2012). Experimental Evaluation of A Bio-BasedCutting Fluid Using Multiple Machining Characteristics. International Journal of ModernEngineering, Volume 12, Number 2, Spring/Summer 2012.[7] X.C. Tan, F. Liu, H.J. Cao, and H. Zhang (2002), A decision-making framework model ofcutting fluid selection for green manufacturing and a case study, Journal of MaterialsProcessing Technology, v. 129 (2002) pp 467-470.[8] Masui, K., Sakao, T., Kobayashi, M., & Inaba, A. (2003). Applying quality functiondeployment to environmentally conscious design. International Journal of Quality & ReliabilityManagement, 20(1), 90-106.[9] Fargnoli, M., & Kimura, F. (2006). Sustainable design of modern industrial products. In 13thCIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering (pp. 189-194).[10] Diaz, N., Ninomiya, K., Noble, J., & Dornfeld, D. (2012). Environmental ImpactCharacterization of Milling and Implications for Potential Energy Savings in Industry. ProcediaCIRP, 1, 518-523.[11] Joost R. Duflou, John W. Sutherland, David Dornfeld, Christoph Herrmann, Jack Jeswiet,Sami Kara, Michael Hauschild, Karel Kellens (2012) Towards energy and resource efficientmanufacturing: A processes and systems approach, CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology, v61 (2012) pp 587 – 609[12] Zhang, Julie and P.N. Rao (2013) Green/Sustainable Manufacturing — Evaluation of aSoybean-based Metal Cutting Fluid in Turning Operation, Applied Mechanics and Materials,Vol. 392 (2013) pp 925-930.

Edinbarough, I. A., & Nageswara Rao, P., & Das, K. (2014, June), Incorporating Sustainability throughout the Manufacturing Engineering Technology Curriculum Paper presented at 2014 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Indianapolis, Indiana. 10.18260/1-2--20623

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