June 18, 2006
June 18, 2006
June 21, 2006
11.749.1 - 11.749.10
INCREASING RETENTION BY INCORPORATING TIME MANAGEMENT AND STUDY SKILLS INTO A FRESHMAN ENGINEERING COURSE Abstract
One of the challenges to incorporating time management and study skills into a freshmen engineering course is the need for the presentation to take minimal time, but nevertheless, be effective in reshaping the habits of the freshmen students. Baylor University has adopted an inexpensive program ($10/student) called Success4Students (S4S) that has been designed for college freshmen and sophomore students. It combines a three-hour-long seminar with 12 weeks of Internet based follow-up to help students develop the principles taught in the seminar into habits. Details about this program and how it has been incorporated into Baylor’s freshmen engineering course will be presented along with the efficacy of the program as measured by increased GPA and increased retention. The use of the Internet self assessment as an early indicator of students who are at risk will be discussed. Finally, preliminary data on the relative importance of various principles taught in the course to students’ academic success will also be presented.
Introduction Table 1. High School vs. College Many studies have determined that the most common reason that outstanding high school students see their GPA drop by ~1.0 during their freshmen year in college1 is their lack of time management and study skills.2-4 As Table 1 illustrates, learning in high school is primarily in class while a significant part of learning in college is outside of class, requiring up to 500% more outside study time than was required in high school. Furthermore, the much faster pace of presentation of material in college and the larger intervals between exams make the usual high school strategy of procrastinating and then cramming untenable.
Poor time management and study skills are particularly damaging to retention in engineering, where the academic demands are higher than for most majors, temping students to change majors rather than change their approach to managing their time and mastering their course work.
The results of three studies at Baylor University involving freshmen Engineering students, freshmen Computer Science (ECS) students, and Air Force ROTC students will be presented. A study conducted at Texas A&M University involving ROTC students will also be included. All four studies involved the use a time management and study skills seminar program called Success4Students.
Bradley, S., & Bradley, W. (2006, June), Increasing Retention By Incorporating Time Management And Study Skills Into A Freshman Engineering Course Paper presented at 2006 Annual Conference & Exposition, Chicago, Illinois. 10.18260/1-2--1064
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