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Intelligent Diabetes Management

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Conference

2001 Annual Conference

Location

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Publication Date

June 24, 2001

Start Date

June 24, 2001

End Date

June 27, 2001

ISSN

2153-5965

Page Count

8

Page Numbers

6.633.1 - 6.633.8

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/9439

Download Count

105

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Paper Authors

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Rui Shen

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Maruthi Dantu

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Carl Steidley

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Mario Garcia

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Abstract
NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

Session 1520

Intelligent Diabetes Management Mario A Garcia, Carl Steidley, Maruthi Dantu, Rui Shen Texas A&M University Corpus Christi

Abstract

Diabetes is a disease that affects many people in the world 1. Diabetes cost in the U.S.A. is estimated to represent 5.8% of total personal health-care expenditures. In Europe diabetes is estimated to consume about 10% of the total health care budget. An Intelligent Diabetes Management System was developed by computer science students at Texas A&M University Corpus Christi to help people monitor and control the blood glucose level. The diabetes experts were Dr. Steve Ponder and Dr. Hilda Ramirez from Driscoll Children’s Hospital. This paper describes the steps followed to implement it.

1. Introduction

Diabetes is a disease that affects more than 100 million people 1. Diabetes cost in the U.S.A. is estimated to represent 5.8% of total personal health-care expenditures. In Europe diabetes is estimated to consume about 10% of the total health care budget. Diabetes Mellitus (technical term for Diabetes) is a chronic condition associated with abnormally high levels of glucose(sugar) in the blood. The food that a person intakes is converted into glucose, which is used as a source of energy. A hormone called Insulin, secreted by the pancreas helps to disintegrate glucose so the cells can absorb it. When a person has diabetes, the body either doesn’t generate enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin as it should. This causes sugars to build up in blood. Diabetes can cause serious health complications like heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations.

Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. Symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, extreme hunger, sudden vision changes, tingling or numbness in hands or feet, frequent tiredness, very dry skin, slow healing of sores and a proclivity toward more infections than usual. Nausea, vomiting, or stomach pains may accompany some of these symptoms.

There are three types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, and Gestational diabetes. Each one is briefly described.

(1) Type 1 diabetes It was previously called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Type 1 diabetes may account for 5% to 10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Risk factors are less well defined for type 1 diabetes than for Type 2 diabetes. Genetic and environmental factors are involved in the development of this type of diabetes.

Proceedings of the 2001 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition Copyright @ 20001, American Society for Engineering Education

Shen, R., & Dantu, M., & Steidley, C., & Garcia, M. (2001, June), Intelligent Diabetes Management Paper presented at 2001 Annual Conference, Albuquerque, New Mexico. https://peer.asee.org/9439

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