Salt Lake City, Utah
June 23, 2018
June 23, 2018
July 27, 2018
The development of medical devices is a tremendous challenge necessitating both a deep understanding of the user as well as interdisciplinary collaboration. The first step in the user-centered design process is needs identification, in which designers observe and empathize with stakeholders (e.g. patients, physicians, nurses) to identify unmet user needs both implicit and tacit. Historically, for engineering students, there has been a gap between understanding technical requirements and unmet user need. Commonly this gap arises from a lack of primary research, including observation and interviewing of relevant users prior to concept generation. To address this gap, the Richard and Loan Hill department of Bioengineering at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) developed a novel clinical immersion internship to introduce students to needs identification and user-centered design. In the first year of the Clinical Immersion Program (CIP), small teams consisting of undergraduate bioengineering students rotated through two, three-week long periods in varying clinical departments, where they worked together to methodically observe environments, interview users, and identify opportunities. In the third year of the CIP, we enhanced the needs identification process by transitioning to interdisciplinary teams of both bioengineering and second-year medical students. In this current study, we report on the fourth, and most recent, year of the CIP. Here, the program was expanded so that interdisciplinary student teams were immersed full-time in a single clinical environment for the duration of the program, which culminated in initial concept exploration based on the identified clinical needs. Efficacy of the CIP was assessed by mixed-method analysis surveys administered pre- and post-program. On a five-point Likert scale from “strongly disagree” to “strongly agree” (0 and 4, respectively), students scored 3.6 ± 0.5 in response to “I feel confident working with an interdisciplinary team” and 3.9 ± 0.3 to “needs identification is necessary for the development of medical products” according to the program surveys. Additionally, students indicated 3.5 ± 0.7 when prompted “early concept generation enhanced my experience in this program”. These scores indicate that students were towards strong agreement and responded well to the program changes this year.
Felder, A. E., & Kotche, M., & Stirling, S., & Wilkens, K. M. (2018, June), Interdisciplinary Clinical Immersion: from Needs Identification to Concept Generation Paper presented at 2018 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Salt Lake City, Utah. https://peer.asee.org/30699
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