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Intersecting Cultural Images: Transformative Global Research Experiences for Underrepresented Engineering Students

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Conference

2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Vancouver, BC

Publication Date

June 26, 2011

Start Date

June 26, 2011

End Date

June 29, 2011

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

Qualitative Research Programs & International Research Experience from Around the World

Tagged Division

International

Page Count

17

Page Numbers

22.952.1 - 22.952.17

DOI

10.18260/1-2--18154

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/18154

Download Count

103

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Paper Authors

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Yating Chang Purdue University, West Lafayette

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Chang started her professional career as the Study Abroad Director at Western Kentucky University from 2001 - 2006, where she drove a three-times increase in overseas educational experiences, working with a predominately local/in-state student population that does not have a natural inclination for study abroad (many being the first in their family to attend college). This work experience has become her focus and engagement of under-represented population in Education Abroad, focusing on students in science and engineering disciplines. Her main responsibilities include engagement of both students and faculty members at Purdue University to embrace global engineering mindsets and practice.
During the first two years at Purdue University, she drove a two-times increase in the number of engineering major participating in both short-term and long-term overseas study. At her current position as the Assistant Director of the Purdue Office of Professional Program, Chang expands her expertise area to concentrate on developing global professional and research internships for students in the Engineering, Technology and Business disciplines. In 2010, she became the Program Director of International Research and Education in Engineering (IREE), a NSF funded program that sent 58 U.S. engineering researchers to conduct research in China.
Chang has been an active NAFSA member for over 10 years. Currently, she serves as the 2009 network leader of the International Education Leadership Development network of NAFSA. She has organized numerous workshops and conferences with National Science Foundation, American Society of Engineering Education, and the Colloquium of International Engineering Education. In the past, she served on the Board of Trustees (2002 - 2006) of the Cooperative Center for Study Abroad, as Fulbright Advisor, and as a Selection Panelist for the national-level scholarship program for International Institute of Education.
Chang research interest is a derivative from her professional experience in global engineering education, with an emphasis on global engineering competencies and the impact of internationalization on the engineering profession.
Born in Taiwan, grew up in Singapore, Chang has traveled to over 30 different countries. Chang has an MS Cross-Cultural Psychology and an Ed. D. degree in Higher Education Leadership and Policy at the Peabody College at Vanderbilt University in 2007.

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Joe J.J. Lin Purdue University, West Lafayette

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Joe J.J. Lin is a Ph.D. student in the School of Engineering Education at Purdue University. His research interest includes: student success models in engineering, global engineering education, teamwork and team effectiveness, and production systems control and optimization. He worked as a production control engineer in Taiwan, and has taught laboratory classes in manufacturing engineering and freshmen engineering in the U.S. He earned his Bachelor and Master degrees in Industrial Engineering from National Tsing Hua University (Taiwan) and Purdue University (USA). His ultimate career goal is to help cultivate world-class engineering graduates that can compete globally, as well as collaborate with the best engineers across different cultures.

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Juila D. Thompson Purdue University, West Lafayette

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Yi Shen Purdue University

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Yi Shen is a Postdoctoral Researcher in Engineering Education at Purdue University. She holds a Ph.D. degree in Information Studies from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Her research examines cyberinfrastructure for interdisciplinary scientific research, global engineering education and global competency, and social informatics.

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Brent K. Jesiek Purdue University, West Lafayette

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Brent K. Jesiek is assistant professor in Engineering Education and Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University. He holds a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from Michigan Tech and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Science and Technology Studies from Virginia Tech. His research examines the social, historical, global, and epistemological dimensions of engineering and computing, with particular emphasis on topics related to engineering education, computer engineering, and educational technology.

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Eckhard A. Groll Purdue University, West Lafayette

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Dr. Eckhard A. Groll is a Professor of Mechanical Engineering and the Director of the Office of Professional Practice at Purdue University. He joined Purdue University as an Assistant Professor in 1994 and was promoted to Associate Professor in 2000 and to Full Professor in 2005. He received his Diploma in Mechanical Engineering from the University of the Ruhr in Bochum, Germany, in 1989 and a Doctorate in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Hannover, Germany, in 1994. Professor Groll teaches Thermodynamics and his research focuses on the fundamental thermal sciences as applied to advanced HVAC&R systems, components, and their working fluids. Since joining Purdue, he has been the principal investigator (PI) or Co-PI on 77 research grants and 40 educational grants with a total budget of $7.16 million. Dr. Groll has authored or co-authored 71 archival journal articles and 125 conference papers. He has been the co-author of two handbook chapters and the editor or co-editor of seven conference proceedings. He has given 45 invited lectures or seminars and four keynote lectures. He serves as the Regional Editor for the Americas for the International Journal of Refrigeration and is a Fellow of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). Dr. Groll has been recognized for his academic leadership in higher education. He is a 2010 - 2011 Fellow of the American Council on Education (ACE) and participated in the Academic Leadership Program of the Committee on Institutional Collaboration (CIC-ALP) during 2009 - 2010. He has received numerous awards for his research and teaching excellence including the 2010 E. K. Campbell Award from ASHRAE, his induction into the Book of Great Teachers at Purdue University in 2008, and the 2007 Purdue University Faculty Scholar Award.

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Edwin Daniel Hirleman Purdue University, West Lafayette

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E. Daniel Hirleman joined UC, Merced as Dean of the School of Engineering in 2010. He received the B.S.M.E. with Highest Distinction, the M.S.M.E., and the Ph.D. from Purdue University, following which he joined the Arizona State University faculty in Mech/Aero Engineering. He eventually served in administrative positions culminating in Associate Dean for Research at ASU. In 1999, he returned to Purdue as William E. and Florence E. Perry Head of ME. Hirleman received the Pi Tau Sigma Award for Teaching Excellence and the College of Engineering Award for Significant Accomplishment in Research at ASU. He also received: the International Network for Engineering Education and Research (INEER) Achievement Award in 2006; the Hon. George Brown Award for International Scientific Cooperation from the U.S. Civilian Research & Development Foundation (CRDF) in 2008, and the 2009 Charles Russ Richards Memorial Award from Pi Tau Sigma/ASME. He chaired the International Congress on Optical Particle Sizing, served as Topical Editor for Applied Optics, is a Fellow of ASME, and Chairs the Advisory Board of Engineers for a Sustainable World. His research involves optical sensors for surface characterization, semiconductor manufacturing, particle and flow diagnostics, bio-hazard detection, food safety, as well as global engineering education.

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Abstract

Intersecting Cultural Images: Transformative Global Research Experiences for Underrepresented Engineering Students
The International Research and Education in Engineering (IREE) program was initiated by theNational Science Foundation (ENG/EEC) in 2006 to promote enhancement of globalcompetency of 21st century engineering professionals, development of collaborations withengineering researchers abroad, and providing students with opportunities to experience the lifeand culture of another country. IREE also seeks to enhance U.S. innovation in both research andeducation, as well as enable connections between the research programs of NSF's divisions withthe education of students. Funded by NSF and administered by Purdue University, the IREE2010 China program sent 58 U.S. engineering students to China for intensive 10 to 12 weekresearch experiences in university and industry laboratories. Women and minorities studentscomprised 51.7 percent of the selected IREE participants. These underrepresented studentgroups in engineering are widely recognized and researched within the United States. As theyparticipate in their IREE experience, their needs and issues were solicited through one-on-oneinterviews and focus group discussions. This paper presents the qualitative data and results bydelineating the challenges and opportunities faced by underrepresented engineering studentsconducting international research and education in China.This paper presents selected data from focus groups and interviews of five different studentpopulations: (1) Women, (2) Asian Americans, (3) African Americans, (4) Hispanics, and (5)International students. Preliminary data analysis reveals some of the unique issues faced by eachstudent population, as well as various cultural images encountered inside and outside of variouscultural boundaries. For example, African American and Hispanic students receive little supportfrom family members due to stereotypes and a lack of familiarity about China, whereas familymembers of Asian Americans generally favor students “returning to their cultural roots.”Another preliminary finding reveals that female IREE students are often questioned andchallenged by Chinese social norms such as marriage and child-bearing, while their views onresearch may not carry equal weight in their host laboratories, especially as compared to theirmale counterparts. This study also discusses the advantages of including second-generationChinese (Asian American) students to have opportunities and receive funding for globaleducational experiences in China. First, they are optimally positioned to serve as bridgesbetween the American and Chinese research communities. Second, they are able to engage theirfellow IREE participants in social settings, as well as helping their peers to overcome majorlanguage and cultural barriers.The results presented in this paper will help program administrators and funding agenciesdetermine how to better relate to the needs of underrepresented student populations in globalengineering programs. Moreover, the results of this study will provide insights to federal fundingagencies about optimal strategies for determining student eligibilities. The paper concludes witha series of best practice recommendations and lessons learned, many of which are relevant forfaculty and staff involved with engaging underrepresented engineering students in globaleducational experiences.

Chang, Y., & Lin, J. J., & Thompson, J. D., & Shen, Y., & Jesiek, B. K., & Groll, E. A., & Hirleman, E. D. (2011, June), Intersecting Cultural Images: Transformative Global Research Experiences for Underrepresented Engineering Students Paper presented at 2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Vancouver, BC. 10.18260/1-2--18154

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