June 24, 2007
June 24, 2007
June 27, 2007
12.965.1 - 12.965.16
Introducing Engineering to Bologna
Abstract – The European Union efforts to promote the creation of a competitive system on a global scale within its boundaries, induced the adoption of several measures intended to allow the mutual recognition of educational degrees within its boundaries and, mainly, to increase the system’s effectiveness and efficiency. Concerning these last two issues, Portuguese higher education institutions working in technological areas are “doomed” to be confronted with an assessment process driven by the OECD (Organisation for Economics Co-operation and Development). When it carried out former assessment processes in other European countries, it had already established the items that will guide the whole process: ease and ability to find and fulfill a job/profession in a global, modern and ever changing workplace/market. In the first semester of the first year both the Mechanical and Industrial Engineering graduations board decided to place an Introduction to Engineering course, aimed at giving freshmen a sign of what they are expected to achieve and the attitudes they are likely to develop. This course covers a range of topics that are supposed to, on the one hand, give students the opportunity to acquire a set of important techniques (such as personality recognition and learning styles, effectiveness and effective use of time and problem solving), and on the other hand, to encourage/induce them to adopt cooperative learning and proactive behaviors, both within the classroom and during the time spent studying. To lecture this course a set of professors were chosen: academic/scientific, managers of regionally important enterprises and technicians able to conduct and supervise machine shop activities that are to be used in manufacturing students’ own design of small projects. It is the way this course was organized, how it run and worked out that will be described in this paper.
The Bologna process started off as inter-governmental cooperation, the corresponding declaration having been signed in 1999 by 29 ministers of education, and aims at establishing a European Higher Education Area (EHEA). Ministers engaged in coordinating their policies to achieve the desired goal within the first decade of the third millennium. In order to establish this EAHE, this process set itself a first set of objectives, spelled out in the so-called Bologna Declaration that consisted in the adoption of a system of easily readable and comparable degrees, essentially based on two cycles. Additionally, a system of credits was to be established, in order to facilitate and promote mobility as well as European co-operation in quality assurance.
These objectives were further specified in several subsequent ministerial conferences. Among others, the third cycle was added to the two-cycle system and the resulting system was adopted by all the participating countries. In this resulting national framework of qualifications the levels have the function of preparing the students for the labor market as well as for further competence building. There is a common path where each level builds on the preceding one and where it is the qualification acquired that will give access to a subsequent higher level. All the participating
Branco, J., & Lopes, O., & Vinhas, J., & Paiva, J. (2007, June), Introducing Engineering To Bologna Paper presented at 2007 Annual Conference & Exposition, Honolulu, Hawaii. 10.18260/1-2--2909
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2007 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015