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Is Engineering Education Research Global? The Answer May Surprise You

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2014 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Indianapolis, Indiana

Publication Date

June 15, 2014

Start Date

June 15, 2014

End Date

June 18, 2014



Conference Session

International Division Technical Session 8

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Page Count


Page Numbers

24.828.1 - 24.828.8



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Paper Authors


Bill Williams ESTBarreiro, Setubal Polytechnic Institute Orcid 16x16

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Bill Williams originally trained as a chemist at the National University of Ireland and went on to work in education in Ireland, UK, Eritrea, Kenya, Mozambique and Portugal. He lectures on technical communication at the Instituto Politécnico de
Setúbal and at IST, Universidade de Lisboa.

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Phillip C. Wankat Purdue University, West Lafayette

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Phil Wankat received a BSChE from Purdue University, an MS and PhD in chemical engineering from Princeton University and an MSEd from Purdue. He is a distinguished professor at Purdue with a joint appointment in Chemical Engineering and Engineering Education.

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Pedro Neto P.E. Polytechnic Institute of Setubal


Carlos Alexandre Tiago ESTBarreiro, IPS

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Research Assistant on Wedo, ESTBarreiro, Setúbal Polytechnic Institute.

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Is Engineering Education Research Global?Although there has been an increasing focus on the globalization of Engineering EducationResearch (EER) in recent years (Borrego and Bernhard, 2011; Cheville, 2012) to what extent hasEER become globalized? To test such a claim we hypothesized that author and citation data fromUS and European journals would demonstrate globalization.We assumed that with respect to globalization the Journal of Engineering Education (JEE) isrepresentative of US EER journals and the European Journal of Engineering Education (EJEE)of European. Author affiliations were collected for all authors from the 2010 through 2013issues. Whereas affiliations of EJEE authors were fairly evenly distributed around the globe witha slight preponderance of European researchers over those from North America, Australia, Braziland South Africa, almost 90% of JEE authors were from the US.Second, a list of frequently cited sources was developed, and the country of professionalaffiliation for each source was determined. We initially started with the list of 33 frequentlycited sources in JEE from 1993 through 2002 (Wankat, 2004) and added to this list otherfrequently cited authors. The sources were separated into three groups based on geographiclocation: US, Europe, and Other (all other countries). Citations were counted from regular papers(excluding editorials and guest editorials) and self-citations were not included.Table 1 shows that citations in JEE are dominated by sources with US affiliations, which doesnot support our hypothesis. On the other hand, the EJEE data show that while US sources arefrequently cited, European and Other authors are also well represented. The short answer to ourtitle question is that in citation terms, European EER is global but US EER not.The data in Table 1 also reveal a number of other interesting observations. For example, of the33 top sources on the original JEE list (Wankat, 2004) only 14 occur in the top 33 in Table 1(Felder, Sheppard, Atman, Johnson & Johnson, Smith, NSF, Olds, Seymour, Hewitt, Astin,Agogino, ABET, and NRC) - sic transit gloria mundi. Some US authors such as Kolb andBorrego are relatively better known in Europe than in the US. Regional differences are clear insome cases – for example, the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) is heavily cited in JEEbut only twice in EJEE, and UNESCO is significantly cited in EJEE but was not cited in JEE.On the other hand, ABET was heavily cited in both JEE and EJEE. Table 1: Highly cited authors in EJEE and JEE (2010 – 2013) EJEE Authors JEE Authors Rank Author Citations Region Rank Author Citations Region 1 Felder, RM 50 US 1 Felder, RM 58 US 2 Kolmos, A 32 Europe 1 NAE 58 US 3 Johnson, DW & RT 27 US 3 Sheppard, S 56 US 4 Smith, Karl 24 US 4 Atman, C 41 US 5 ABET 22 US 5 Bandura A 36 US 6 De Graaff, E 16 Europe 6 Johnson, DW & RT 35 US 7 Trevelyn, J 15 Other 7 Besterfield-Sacre, M. 33 US 8 Marton F 14 Europe 8 Eccles, J. S. 32 US 8 Biggs, J. 14 Europe 8 Smith, Karl 32 US 10 Atman, C 13 US 10 NSF 29 US 11 Borrego 12 US 10 Olds, B 29 US 11 Kolb, DA 12 US 10 Shuman, L 29 US 11 NSF 12 US 10 Terenzini TP 29 US 11 Sheppard, S 12 US 14 Latucca 28 US 11 UNESCO 12 Europe 15 Miller, R 26 US 11 Woods, DR 12 Other 15 Ohland, M 26 US 17 Miller, R 11 US 17 Seymour, E 25 US 17 Baillie, C 11 Other 18 Simon HA 21 US 19 Prince MJ 10 US 19 Adams, Robin 20 US 20 Dym, CL 9 US 19 Astin, AW 20 US 20 Stice, J 9 US 19 Hewitt 20 US 20 Alpay, E 9 Europe 19 Newstetter, WC 20 US 20 Lindsay, E 9 Other 23 Dym, CL 19 US 20 Lohmann J 9 US 23 Litzinger T 19 US 25 ASEE 8 US 23 Prince MJ 19 US 25 Jonassen D H 8 US 23 Streveler, R. 19 US 25 Gill J 8 Europe 27 ABET 18 US 28 Besterfield-Sacre 7 US 27 Agogino 18 US 28 Seymour, E 7 US 29 NRC 17 US 28 Streveler, R. 7 US 30 Vygotsky, LS 16 US 31 Bandura A 6 US 30 Marton F 16 Europe 31 Olds, B 6 US 32 Johri A 15 US 31 Case, Jennifer 6 Other 32 Kuh, GD 15 US 32 Cross, N 15 Europe 32 Latour, B 15 EuropeReferencesBorrego, M., & Bernhard, J. (2011) "The emergence of engineering education research as aninternationally connected field of inquiry." JEE, 100, 14 - 47.Cheville, A. (2012) IMS 2012 Special Sessions: Globalization of Engineering Education andResearch: Opportunities and Challenges, P. C. (2004) “Analysis of the First Ten Years of the Journal of EngineeringEducation,” JEE, 93, 13-21.

Williams, B., & Wankat, P. C., & Neto, P., & Tiago, C. A. (2014, June), Is Engineering Education Research Global? The Answer May Surprise You Paper presented at 2014 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Indianapolis, Indiana. 10.18260/1-2--20720

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