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Just In Time Teaching (Jitt): Using The Web To Enhance Classroom Learning

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2003 Annual Conference


Nashville, Tennessee

Publication Date

June 22, 2003

Start Date

June 22, 2003

End Date

June 25, 2003



Conference Session

Web Education: Delivery and Evaluation

Page Count


Page Numbers

8.797.1 - 8.797.13

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Paper Authors

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Robert Blake

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kathleen marrs

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Jeff Watt

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Andrew Gavrin

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NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

Session 3220

Just-in-Time Teaching (JiTT): Using the Web to Enhance Classroom Learning A. Gavrin, Jeffrey X. Watt, Kathleen Marrs, Robert E. Blake, Jr. Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis/Texas Tech University

Abstract Just-in-Time Teaching (JiTT) is a pedagogical system that uses the WWW to enhance learning in the classroom setting. JiTT was developed for use in the introductory physics classes taken by engineering majors at IUPUI and the US Air Force Academy, but its use has spread to a wide range of fields and institutions. At IUPUI, JiTT is now used in physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, sociology, and writing. Elsewhere, in the US, Europe, and Israel, over 100 instructors are using JiTT methods.

The JiTT system is built around web-based preparatory assignments that are due a few hours before class. The students complete these assignments at their own pace and submit them electronically. In turn, faculty adjust and organize the classroom lessons in response to the student submissions “Just-in-Time.” This establishes a feedback loop between the classroom and the web. The feedback cycle occurs several times each week, encouraging students to stay current.

At IUPUI, we have been testing and revising the JiTT method for twelve semesters and are encouraged by the results. Working with the JiTT strategy has convinced us that the web, combined with live teachers in the classroom, can humanize instruction for all students and make a real difference in results, particularly for at-risk students. At IUPUI, attrition in our introductory physics courses has declined by over 40%, and the numbers of students choosing physics as a major or minor has risen significantly. When asked their preferences in post-course surveys, over 90% of students expressed a preference for JiTT over traditional course formats.

The development of JiTT at IUPUI has been supported by the National Science Foundation under grants DUE-9981111 and DUE-9752365

Introduction Many businesses use “Just-in-Time” methods to enhance the flexibility and responsiveness of their operations. 1 Various parts of the enterprise communicate their needs to one another frequently, and only the necessary materials or products are delivered. Such systems rely on rapid communications technology and on distribution systems that make small, frequent deliveries. In this way, each delivery is smaller, and contains only those materials needed for short term operations, rather than large, infrequent deliveries based on average needs determined

Proceedings of the 2003 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition Copyright © 2003, American Society for Engineering Education

Blake, R., & marrs, K., & Watt, J., & Gavrin, A. (2003, June), Just In Time Teaching (Jitt): Using The Web To Enhance Classroom Learning Paper presented at 2003 Annual Conference, Nashville, Tennessee.

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