June 20, 2010
June 20, 2010
June 23, 2010
15.830.1 - 15.830.12
Laboratory Experiments in Thermal Analysis of Polymers for a Senior/Graduate Level Materials Science Course
In the lab accompanying a senior/graduate level Physical and Mechanical Properties of Polymers course, five new lab experiments in thermal analysis of polymers were developed to supplement the classroom lectures and the existing lab exercises. One of these experiments used a new, state-of-the-art rapid heating and cooling differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) to investigate the effects of heating rate and isothermal annealing conditions on the thermal behavior of poly(ethylene terphthalate) (PET). This unique lab experiment was very successful with the students and, because of the high heating and cooling rates, the students were able to perform many experiments within the two hour lab. In this paper we discuss the implementation of these new thermal analysis labs in the course, with an emphasis in comparing the traditional DSC lab with the rapid heating/cooling DSC lab. Feedback from student surveys is also discussed.
Physical and Mechanical Properties of Polymers is a co-listed senior level undergraduate course and an elective graduate level course in Materials Science and Engineering at Iowa State University. It consists of two one hour lecture sessions and one two hour lab each week. In the spring of 2009, five new thermal analysis lab exercises were added to the existing labs. These five labs were all in the broader field of thermal analysis. This resulted in a course with 13 labs which were performed by the students over one semester. The topic for these lab experiments are listed below, with the new labs in bold italics.
Lab 1: Synthesis of polystyrene and Nylon 6,6 Lab 2: Gel Permeation Chromatography Lab 3: Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy Lab 4: Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) Lab 5: Rapid Heating/Cooling DSC (RHC DSC) Lab 6: Wide Angle X-Ray Diffraction Lab 7: Polarized Optical Microscopy Lab 8: Tensile Testing Lab 9: Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) Lab 10: Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) Lab 11: Reology Lab 12: Extrusion Lab 13: Injection Molding
There were a total of 24 students in the course, so the lab was broken up into 6 different sections (with four students in each section) which met to complete their lab experiments each week.
In this paper, we will begin by discussing how the lab section of this course was implemented. We then describe the five new thermal analysis labs that were developed. Two of these labs (Lab 4 and Lab 5) investigated the thermal transitions in a semi-crystalline polymer, poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) using differential scanning calorimetry. However, in Lab 5, the experiments were done using a unique high scanning rate differential scanning calorimeter. Such high scanning rate DSC measurements are just recently becoming available1,2, and offer unique
Kessler, M., & Badrinarayanan, P. (2010, June), Laboratory Experiments In Thermal Analysis Of Polymers For A Senior/Graduate Level Materials Science Course Paper presented at 2010 Annual Conference & Exposition, Louisville, Kentucky. https://peer.asee.org/16926
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2010 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015