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Learning Experience in Designing a Hydraulic Bulge Test Setup for Material Properties Characterization

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2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Seattle, Washington

Publication Date

June 14, 2015

Start Date

June 14, 2015

End Date

June 17, 2015





Conference Session

Mechanical Engineering Capstone Design

Tagged Division

Mechanical Engineering

Page Count


Page Numbers

26.1065.1 - 26.1065.21



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Paper Authors


Moses Sylvester Jaia Jr.

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Moses Sylvester Jaia Jr’s Descriptive Bio:
Moses Sylvester Jaia Jr. graduated in Spring 2014 with a Bachelor of Science Degree in Engineering with Mechanical Engineering Specialization from the University of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES). For his Senior Design Project, Mr. Jaia designed a Bulge Test Setup for material properties characterization up to failure under biaxial stress state. Mr. Jaia used Solidworks and Abaqus extensively to complete his Senior Design Project. During his undergraduate studies, Mr. Jaia completed an internship with Safran Labinal Salisbury and worked as a Teaching Assistant at UMES. Mr. Jaia is currently pursuing his Masters Degree in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC).

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Payam Matin University of Maryland, Eastern Shore

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Dr. Payam Matin is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Engineering and Aviation Sciences at the University of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES), Princess Anne, Maryland. Dr. Matin has received his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan in May 2005. He has taught a number of courses in the areas of mechanical engineering and aerospace at UMES. He has served as departmental ABET committee chair through a successful accreditation visit in Fall 2012. Dr. Matin’s research has been mostly in the areas of Computational Mechanics and Experimental Mechanics with applications in Solid Mechanics, Plasticity and Sheet Metal Forming. Dr. Matin has published more than 25 peer-reviewed journal and conference papers. Dr. Matin is the recipient of NSF MRI award as a Co-PI. Dr. Matin worked in Automotive industry for Chrysler Corporation from 2005 to 2007. He Joined UMES in August 2007. He is affiliated with ASME and ASEE professional societies

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Learning Experience in Designing a Hydraulic Bulge Test Setup for Material Properties CharacterizationTensile test has been widely used in both industry and academia for material propertiescharacterization despite its shortcoming in non-uniform plastic deformation zone due to neckingphenomena. While tensile testing delivers acceptable results for most applications, more accuratecharacterization is desired for metal forming processes in which plastic deformation plays acrucial rule. As an alternative, hydraulic bulge test can be utilized to characterize materialsproperties without necking effects. In a bulge test, a flat sheet metal specimen is deformed bypressurized water into a cylindrical die in a shape of a spherical bulge. The objective of thisproject is to provide learning experience to a team of students to design a bulge test set up in asenior design project framework. With pre-defined sets of educational objectives, the project isdefined for the students. The design requirements and design constraints are articulated at thestart of the project. Advance High Strength Steels (AHSS) particularly TRIPs are targeted as thematerial of interests for design purposes. Students have learned about fundamentals of plasticityand forming simulation with ABAQUS to calculate the pressure needed to conduct a successfulbulge test on the material of interest. Students have used fundamentals of mechanics of materialsand FEM simulation to design the bulge test setup for the calculated pressure. Pressure andposition sensors are considered in the setup to estimate the level of stress and strain, respectively,at different stages of plastic deformation for material properties characterization. The authorspresent how fundamentals of engineering are utilized throughout the course of the project. Thelearning outcomes of the project are also discussed in the paper.

Jaia, M. S., & Matin, P. (2015, June), Learning Experience in Designing a Hydraulic Bulge Test Setup for Material Properties Characterization Paper presented at 2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, Washington. 10.18260/p.24402

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