June 16, 2002
June 16, 2002
June 19, 2002
7.829.1 - 7.829.10
MALAYSIAN ENGINEERING EDUCATION MODEL
Megat Johari Megat Mohd Noor, Abang Abdullah Abang Ali, Mohd Rasid Osman, Mohd Sapuan Salit, Mohd Saleh Jaafar
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Engineering programmes that were developed at Universiti Malaya, the first university in Malaysia to offer engineering programmes, adopted the Australian model of 4 years duration of study. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) was then set up to produce graduates through a 5-year programme. Other public universities such as Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) and Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) began offering their engineering programmes in the early eighties. Throughout the nineties Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS) and private universities such as the International Islamic University (IIU), Universiti Tenaga (UNITEN), Universiti Teknologi Petronas (UTP) and Multimedia University (MMU) began to offer their engineering programmes.
In 1996, the duration of study in engineering in public universities was shortened from the normal four years to three years, as a result of the directive from the Ministry of Education. The main reason for reducing the study period by a year was to cater for the expanding labour market in the engineering sector. UTM that had been offering a five-year engineering programme, due to its entry qualification at SPM (equivalent to the British `O’ Levels), also reduced the duration of study by a year. Before the directive, universities in Malaysia accept students with STPM (equivalent to the British `A’ Levels), Matriculation (similar to the Australian Matriculation Programme) and Diploma qualifications into their 4-year engineering programmes .
The directive was however, not imposed on private universities and public higher education institutions (without the university status). The reduction in the duration of study was opposed by the Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (IEM) and several institutions of higher learning, as there was no formal study being carried out to support the change. Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) though reluctant, abided by the directive and repackaged 4 -year programmes into a 3-year period without significant reduction in the total credit loading. The industrial placement, which was normally allocated for a semester was changed to a 10-week industrial training programme to be completed during the vacation. Some of the subjects that were not directly related to the disciplines concerned were removed and thus changing the broad base nature of the curricula. Subsequent to this change, students performance at UPM  and also nationwide was seen to be highly affected with sudden increase in the failure rates.
Proceedings of the 2002 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition Copyright © 2002, American Society for Engineering Education
Megat Mohd Noor, M. J. (2002, June), Malaysian Engineering Education Model Paper presented at 2002 Annual Conference, Montreal, Canada. 10.18260/1-2--11043
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2002 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015