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Measuring Awareness of Computational Thinking in Kuwaiti Educational Institutions

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2021 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access


Virtual Conference

Publication Date

July 26, 2021

Start Date

July 26, 2021

End Date

July 19, 2022

Conference Session

Computers in Education 2 - Programming 2

Tagged Division

Computers in Education

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Paper Authors


Safia Malallah Kansas State University

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Safia Malallah is a web developer, artist, and Ph.D. candidate at Kansas State University. She obtained her master’s degree in computer science from Montana State University in 2017. Her research is centered around metamorphic testing in scientific software. ِSafia's research interests expanded to include computer science education after observing the influence computer science has on her children. Her current research project is examining methods of teaching young children computational thinking by modeling playground environments. She seeks to expand her experience by volunteering and helping to facilitate STEM workshops.

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Khaled Nasser Alsalmi The Public Authority for Applied Education and Training

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Computer instructor level 'A' .

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Joshua Levi Weese Kansas State University

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Dr. Josh Weese is a Teaching Assistant Professor at Kansas State University in the department of Computer Science. Dr. Weese joined K-State as faculty in the Fall of 2017. He has expertise in data science, software engineering, web technologies, computer science education, and primary and secondary outreach programs. Dr. Weese has been the lead developer for the PhysPort Data Explorer, a data analytics and visualization portal that enables physics faculty to upload assessment data and receive instant feedback on their students’ assessment results, including expert recommendations and customized visualizations. Dr. Weese is highly active in several outreach programs, including Kansas STARBASE, USD 383 Summer STEM Institute, Girl Scouts of the USA, and Boy Scouts of America, reaching over 1200 Kansas K-12 students annually. He is also currently serving on the state K-12 Computer Science standards committee, leading to adopted computer science standards for the state of Kansas.

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Computational thinking (CT) has a vital impact on education. Students and educators need to be aware that CT is more than just using technology or computer science; it is a mindset that increases students' ability to recognize solutional implications. Incorporating CT into the educational system is a shared responsibility between decision-makers and educators. All participants have a duty on how to bring CT into classrooms. This study sought to identify CT awareness in different educational roles to suggest a plan to promote CT in Kuwait education institutes. The promoted plan employs the CT Systemic Change Model, developed by ISTE. We utilize the model with the outcome of our CT awareness surveys to recommend a plan that fits the regulations and roles in Kuwait education. The survey derived from the technological pedagogical content knowledge framework; It investigated CT awareness of content knowledge (knowledge of CT concepts), pedagogical knowledge (knowledge of CT purposes, values, and aims), and technological knowledge (knowledge of the technologies and resources that support CT learning). The survey was distributed to students and educators in educational institutes in Kuwait. The results showed high acceptance and awareness, especially among the department heads. The lowest awareness scores were attributed to the administration's roles; therefore, a recommended training that emphasizes the importance of CT in education for the leadership positions then forming a team including the department heads to incorporate the plan into the classroom. Overall, the results of this study can guide promoting CT activities in the Kuwait education system.

Malallah, S., & Alsalmi, K. N., & Weese, J. L. (2021, July), Measuring Awareness of Computational Thinking in Kuwaiti Educational Institutions Paper presented at 2021 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual Conference. 10.18260/1-2--37490

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