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Measuring Individuals’ Systems Thinking Skills through the Development of an Immersive Virtual Reality Complex System Scenarios

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Conference

2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Tampa, Florida

Publication Date

June 15, 2019

Start Date

June 15, 2019

End Date

June 19, 2019

Conference Session

SED Technical Session: Systems Thinking

Tagged Division

Systems Engineering

Page Count

15

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/33090

Download Count

48

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Paper Authors

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Raed Jaradat Mississippi State University

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Dr. Raed Jaradat is an Assistant Professor of Industrial and Systems Engineering Department at Mississippi State University and a visiting professor working with the Institute for Systems Engineering Research/MSU/U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Dr. Jaradat received a PhD in Engineering Management and Systems Engineering from Old Dominion University in 2014. His main research interests include systems engineering and management systems, systems thinking and complex system exploration, system of systems, virtual reality and complex systems, systems simulation, risk, reliability and vulnerability in critical infrastructures with applications to diverse fields ranging from the military to industry. His publications appeared in several ranking journals including the IEEE Systems Journal, and the Computers & Industrial Engineering Journal. His total awarded projects exceed $ 4.2 M including National Science Foundation (NSF), Department of Defense (DOD), Industry, and other Research Laboratories.

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Michael Andre Hamilton Mississippi State University

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Dr. Michael A. Hamilton is an Associate Director at Mississippi State Institute for System Engineering Research (ISER) in Vicksburg, MS. He received his Doctorate, Master and Bachelor degrees in Industrial and Systems Engineering from Mississippi State University and has a graduate certificate in Modeling, Simulation, and Visualization Engineering from Old Dominion University. Currently, he is the technical lead for Big Data Analytic and Visualization, and Surrogate Modeling efforts in conjunction with the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC). Over the past 4 years, Dr. Hamilton have been leading the efforts for developing immersive virtual environments for conducting data analyzes of tradespace data sets. The immersive data visualization systems allows stakeholders the ability to visualize the tradespace options, subset the data, and work in collaboration with other analysts within the same virtual environment. Other research interest includes using virtual reality for enhancing classroom education in engineering programs.

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Vidanelage Lakshika Dayarathna Mississippi State University

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Vidanelage L. Dayarathna (Nick) is Second-year Ph.D. student in Industrial and Systems Engineering at
Mississippi State University. He is interested in data analytics, modeling and simulation, system of systems and virtual reality. Before arriving at Mississippi State, he earned a Bachelor’s degree in Physical
sciences (Mathematics, Statistics & Computer science) at University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka.
At the same time, Vidanelage earned a Higher Diploma in IT from University of Colombo, Sri Lanka. Also,
he received a Post Graduate Diploma in Operational Research at University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka.
Currently, he is in his final semester to pursue a Master’s Degree in Statistics at Mississippi State
University. He is an active member of Institute of Industrial & Systems Engineering (IISE).

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Sofia Karam Mississippi State University

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Sofia Karam is a PhD student in Industrial and Systems Engineering at Mississippi State University. Her concentration is on the system of systems and virtual reality educational models. Before joining the industrial engineering team, Sofia obtained a bachelor’s degree in Aerospace Engineering at the International University of Rabat (UIR), Morocco. Also, she earned a Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering with a concentration in fluid flows and jet noise from Mississippi State University. Sofia is an active member of the Institute of Industrial & Systems Engineering (IISE).

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Parker Jones Mississippi State University

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Emily S. Wall Mississippi State University

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Emily Wall is a Research Engineer for the Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems Extension (CAVS-E). She graduated from Mississippi State University (MSU) with a masters of engineering (2018), bachelor's in Industrial and Systems Engineering in 2015, and received her Six Sigma Black Belt from MSU's CAVS Extension in June 2016. She is also working towards obtaining her PhD in Industrial Engineering and PE licensure through the MS State Engineering Board. Her current research involves lean six sigma practices and applications, manufacturability, modeling and simulations, and virtual reality applications. She also participates in the teaching of workshops and classes including: Introduction to Engineering, Gage RnR, Minitab, and Statistical Process Control.

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Safae El Amrani

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Ginnie Shih En Hsu Mississippi State University

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Ginnie Hsu is an Illustrator, a Designer, and a tenure track Assistant Professor at Mississippi State University. She believes that well-designed digital experiences and technology can improve the quality of human living, and her goal is to design, make, and create things that have an impact on society. Having this personal mission statement in mind, her design and research have been focusing on human-centered design for the greater good.

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Abstract

The proposed virtual reality (VR) gaming scenario provides a virtual profile that assesses the students’ level of systems thinking skills (STS) and offers a starting point to better understand students’ capacity to engage complex multidimensional problems. The proposed VR gaming scenario will ask students to understand, investigate, and analyze the provided real-world complex system problem. The VR gaming scenario measures an individual’s systems thinking skills based on their approach in solving and dealing with authentic complex system problems. The VR gaming scenario is built based on an established system thinking instrument that consists of seven dimensions: Level of Complexity, Level of Independence, Level of Interaction, Level of Change, Level of Uncertainty, Level of Systems Worldview, and Level of Flexibility. The purpose of this study is to measure student’s level of systems skills in the first dimension Complexity vs. Simplicity – how students react to situations and manage uncertainty. The paired samples t-test and one-way ANOVA test were performed to analyze and compare the scores of the systems thinking instrument with the VR gaming scenario. Results showed that the scenarios developed in the VR module can be used as an effective tool to measure students’ level of system skills in dealing with complex system problem domains.

Jaradat, R., & Hamilton, M. A., & Dayarathna, V. L., & Karam, S., & Jones, P., & Wall , E. S., & El Amrani, S., & Hsu, G. S. E. (2019, June), Measuring Individuals’ Systems Thinking Skills through the Development of an Immersive Virtual Reality Complex System Scenarios Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida. https://peer.asee.org/33090

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