June 26, 2011
June 26, 2011
June 29, 2011
K-12 & Pre-College Engineering
22.1053.1 - 22.1053.17
Measuring the Impact of a High School Intervention on Students’ Attitudes in Information Technology: Validation and Use of an Attitude Survey Attracting and retaining women and minorities in science, technology,engineering and mathematic (STEM) fields is a common challenge faced by today’suniversities. In response, various projects that are underway across the nation seek toincrease these groups’ interests and, hopefully, their eventual participation in STEM. Achallenge to these efforts has been measuring, in the short term, the impact of programson students’ interests with respect to the STEM fields. Many of the current attitudesurveys have been investigator developed and have limited validity. The proposed paperwill describe the validation of an attitude survey which was designed to measure highschool students’ attitudes with respect to the field of information technology. This paperwill also report the results of using this instrument to examine changes in high schoolstudents’ attitudes from the beginning to end of a program which was designed toimprove attitudes with respect to information technology. The attitude survey containstwo researcher-defined factors: gender stereotypes and general interest in informationtechnology. Using data collected during the summers of 2008 and 2009, a confirmatoryfactor analysis was completed to statistically examine whether the survey responses wereloading on the anticipated factors; the results support the existence of the proposedfactors. Additionally, t-tests and linear regression analyses were used to measure whetherthe instrument was detecting changes in students’ attitudes from the beginning to the endof the program. Results indicate that students experienced a positive change in attitudeswith regard to information technology (p=0.0063), but no change was detected inattitudes with regard to gender stereotypes (p=0.1123). Additionally, no differences in theeffectiveness of the program were found when comparing attitudes across gender andethnic groups. However, results differed for both the information technology and genderstereotype factors across year of implementation (p= 0.0112 and 0.0334, respectively).The proposed paper will discuss the results of the validation process for the attitudesurvey and the results of the information technology intervention program. Greater detailswill also be provided on the nature of the information technology program.
Forssen, A. V., & Moskal, B. M., & Harriger, A. R. (2011, June), Measuring the Impact of a High School Intervention on Students’ Attitudes in Information Technology: Validation and Use of an Attitude Survey Paper presented at 2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Vancouver, BC. 10.18260/1-2--18334
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