Washington, District of Columbia
June 23, 1996
June 23, 1996
June 26, 1996
1.319.1 - 1.319.6
‘1 _ —-.. . ..—. Session 2260 :
—. . . ..- Meeting the Increasing Need for Internationally Trained Engineers: A Review of Technical Japanese Training in the U.S.
Michio Tsutsui University of Washington
1. Introduction: the U.S.-Japan Technological Exchange and the Need for Japanese-proficient Technologists As the worfi becomes a borderless economy, technological exchange is rapidly increasing among nations, including the exchanges of technical information, technology, and technical specialists. Thus, it is essential for a country to make international exchange as efficient and effective as possible. In this regard, it is particularly important and urgent for the U.S. to improve its ways of importing technical information and technology from Japan and its ways of exporting U.S. products and technology to Japan. To clarify this point, let us examine some statistics concerning technological exchange between the two countries.
(1) High tech product trade First, let us look at some statistics concerning the trade of high tech products between the U.S. and Japan. As can be seen in Table 1, the U.S. has been the largest buyer of Japan’s high tech products for years. 1 Statistics also show that Japan, in turn, has been the second largest purchaser of U.S. exports (next to Canada), buying $52 billion worth of goods in 1994. Among these purchases, manufacturing goods account for 60%. This 2 includes computers, ICS, aircraft, engines, and measuring and medical equipment. It is evident from these statistics that the U.S. and Japan are heavily dependent on each other for high tech product trade.
Table 1 Exports of High Tech Products from Japan ( 1993)
Products Total to us Ratio (million dollars) (%)
Electronic Data Processing 16,885 9,270 54.9 Electronic DP Parts & 9,357 4,400 47.0 Accessories Communication 8,119 2,622 32.3 Semiconductors & ICs 15,385 4,573 29.7 Aircraft and Parts 598 492 82.3
(Source: Japan Ministry of International Trade and Industry)
(2) Japan’s position in the technological world Next, let us examine Japan’s position in the world in terms of its technological strength. One thing we can look at for this purpose is Japan’s share of high tech product exports in the world. According to the Japan Science and Technology Agency, Japan’s share in the exporting of high tech products in the world surpassed 3 West Germany’s in 1981 and the U.S.’s in 1983. Table 2 shows the figures for 1992.
$iiiiiii’ F 1996 ASEE Annual Conference Proceedings ‘.,JR13>:
Tsutsui, M. (1996, June), Meeting The Increasing Need For Internationally Trained Engineers: A Review Of Technical Japanese Training In The U.S. Paper presented at 1996 Annual Conference, Washington, District of Columbia. https://peer.asee.org/6184
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 1996 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015