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Municipal Solid Waste Management Practices Globally Adaptable For Sustainable Development In Growing Developing Communities

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2008 Annual Conference & Exposition


Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Publication Date

June 22, 2008

Start Date

June 22, 2008

End Date

June 25, 2008



Conference Session

Technical Capacity Bldg for Developing Countries & Service Learning / International Division Poster Session

Tagged Division


Page Count


Page Numbers

13.916.1 - 13.916.17



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Paper Authors


Fazil Najafi University of Florida

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Dr. Najafi is a professor of Civil and Coastal Engineering at the University of Florida. He earned his BSCE from the American College of Engineering, Kabul, Afghanistan, and his BSAE, MS, and PhD degrees in Civil Engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. He has worked for 35 years in government, industry, and education. Besides teaching during more than 20 years, Dr. Najafi has conducted research, has been a participating member of several professional societies including ASEE, has published numerous refereed and non-refereed articles, and has presented many technical papers to international, national and local organizations.

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James Carlsen University of Florida

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James is a student at the University of Florida completing his degree in civil engineeering.

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Meghan Ritter University of Florida

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Meghan is a student at the University of Florida completing her degree in civil engineering.

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Nick Safai Salt Lake City College

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NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

Municipal Solid Waste 1

Municipal Solid Waste Management Practices globally adaptable for Sustainable Development in Growing Communities


This study focuses on the municipal solid waste management practices globally adaptable for sustainable development in growing communities. The paper begins by looking at the history and recent developments of solid waste and recycling practices. In order to better understand the inner workings of local county governments, one will look at the examples of Alachua and Escambia Counties in Florida as a case study applicable globally to support sustainable waste development practices in developing countries. Both counties are relatively similar in demographic and population qualities (as will be presented in the study). The level of service provided by these counties is examined as well as the benefits of programs undertaken by these counties, such as county-owned landfills, curbside recycling, and rural drop-off centers. Upon completion of the analysis, a model is created to be used globally outside of the United States as well as within for local growing communities. The model generated draws on aspects recommended by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. The model puts a major focus on county centralization of municipal solid waste management, volume based rates for disposal and collection, regional landfill practices which use new environmentally conscious technologies, and drop-off centers for the rural areas of the county. A cost-benefit examination is looked at as to verify the feasibility of the generated model and its long-term effects on the county. The intention of this paper is for growing and developing communities across the world to use the model as a means of creating an efficient solid waste department capable of reducing waste and increasing the usage of waste alternatives like recycling, thereby promoting good health and an environmentally sustainable community.


In a growing trend towards sustainability and encouraging stable environmental operations within public works, one of the major components of this trend is solid waste pickup and disposal. More importantly, the many facets of solid waste management have become more visible to the public eye as citizens look to have waste disposed of in a proper way without too many limitations on disposal. Municipal systems must be efficient enough to ensure manageability and prevent excessive service or provide higher levels of service on a restricted budget. As such, in this paper, one will discuss the current levels of solid waste operations in these case studies to generate a globally applicable model for solid waste pickup and disposal practices of growing communities. The cases to be examined are the levels of service in Alachua County, Florida and Escambia County, Florida. This comparative study will help us determine the measures taken to improve sustainability as well as cost effective measures to produce the most efficient solid waste operations in these growing communities of Escambia and Alachua County and apply these measures to developing nations.

Najafi, F., & Carlsen, J., & Ritter, M., & Safai, N. (2008, June), Municipal Solid Waste Management Practices Globally Adaptable For Sustainable Development In Growing Developing Communities Paper presented at 2008 Annual Conference & Exposition, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 10.18260/1-2--3494

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