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Natural Systems For Wastewater Treatment: Course Material And Cd Rom Development

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1997 Annual Conference


Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Publication Date

June 15, 1997

Start Date

June 15, 1997

End Date

June 18, 1997



Page Count


Page Numbers

2.304.1 - 2.304.8



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Paper Authors

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Thomas F. Hess

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Shulin Chen

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Robert F. Rynk

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Larry G. King

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Ann L. Kenimer

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NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

Session 1608

Session 1608

Natural Systems for Wastewater Treatment: Course Material and CD-ROM Development

Thomas F. Hess, Robert F. Rynk (University of Idaho) Shulin Chen, Larry G. King (Washington State University) Ann L. Kenimer (Texas A&M)


Natural systems for wastewater treatment are biological, land-based approaches used to remove pollutants from organic solid wastes and wastewaters. Examples include stabilization ponds and lagoons, artificial wetlands, aquatic plant systems and land treatment systems. Natural systems have gained attention and acceptance in recent years because they integrate waste treatment into the environment in a positive fashion. Recent research and applications of natural systems have generated considerable information for management of potential pollutants from industrial, municipal and agricultural materials.

Natural systems are the most widely used of waste treatment process for agricultural applications. These systems typically require fewer operational personnel, consume less energy and produce less excess biomass than conventional wastewater treatment systems. Where sufficient land of suitable character is available, natural systems are often the most cost-effective option for both construction and operation. Thus, they are better suited for agricultural industries and small rural communities. As the pollution prevention focus moves to nonpoint sources, natural systems will play more important roles in dealing with agricultural waste treatment and water quality management.

Currently students in agricultural, environmental and natural science disciplines have little opportunity to learn about waste management and pollution control. These topics are usually addressed incidentally within general courses. For engineering majors, environmental engineering courses cover waste treatment in depth but natural treatment processes and systems are rarely addressed. Therefore, a timely opportunity exists for a new course that addresses the growing demand for information about natural treatment systems.

Hess, T. F., & Chen, S., & Rynk, R. F., & King, L. G., & Kenimer, A. L. (1997, June), Natural Systems For Wastewater Treatment: Course Material And Cd Rom Development Paper presented at 1997 Annual Conference, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 10.18260/1-2--6703

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