June 15, 2019
June 15, 2019
October 19, 2019
Design in Engineering Education
For senior capstone teams, team composition is one of the primary factors in student satisfaction and project success. Previous team formation were done manually after students submitted their top five choices from the available projects and were time consuming and ineffective. To improve team composition and reduce formation time, mixed-integer linear programming is utilized to optimize the team formation process. The presented approach allows control of team size (individually and globally), the number of total teams, assignment of specific students to a particular project, and whether a specific project is a “Go” or “No-go”. An online survey is used to collect each student’s top choices and the results are used to select the projects that will move forward and optimize the team compositions based on student preference. To accomplish this, a team formation score is calculated for possible sets of teams by quantifying the average student “happiness” as measured by how close students get to their first choice. Many possible team compositions are then tested until the optimum teams and projects are found. In application, with class sizes of 60 or 30 students and an average team size of 6, the algorithm was utilized in eight capstone sections to form 40 projects teams using 230 students. Of these students, 74% got their first choice and 94% got one of their top 3 choices. Another key result is a reduction in team formation time from 2 days or so down to less than 1 hour.
Michaelis, B. M., & Bae, H. A. (2019, June), Optimizing Capstone Team Selection Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida. 10.18260/1-2--33148
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