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Physical Simulations In Classroom As A Pedagogical Tool For Enhancing Instruction In Engineering Technology Programs

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2005 Annual Conference


Portland, Oregon

Publication Date

June 12, 2005

Start Date

June 12, 2005

End Date

June 15, 2005



Conference Session

ET Curriculum & Design Issues

Page Count


Page Numbers

10.999.1 - 10.999.12



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Paper Authors

author page

Alok Verma

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NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract


Physical Simulations in Classroom as a Pedagogical Tool for Enhancing Manufacturing Instruction in Engineering Technology Programs

Alok K. Verma, Han P. Bao Anand Ghadmode, Swanand Dhayagude Old Dominion University


Lean is a powerful philosophy that advocates minimization of waste within an organization. The adoption of Lean Manufacturing philosophy by major manufacturers has created a demand for qualified personnel in this area. Higher education is not far behind in incorporating this philosophy into their curriculum. A number of universities have started offering both graduate and undergraduate courses in Lean Manufacturing. Physical simulations are often an integral part of these courses. Simulation based Lean enterprise concepts have been introduced in an undergraduate course in mechanical engineering technology program at Old Dominion University. Results show increased student participation and better understanding of Lean concepts.

This paper examines the use of simulations as a pedagogical tool and studies their impact on student learning in an undergraduate engineering technology course. The paper also discusses the assessment process to measure the impact of simulation-based instruction. An attitudinal survey has also been developed to assess the impact of the training program on student’s thinking.

I. Introduction

The adoption of Lean Manufacturing philosophy by manufacturers worldwide has created a demand for workers who are trained in the Lean principles and have an eye for the waste in the value stream [1]. A previously developed Lean enterprise training program has been combined with a ship repair simulation activity to teach students about Lean philosophy and its implementation. This curriculum is part of an upper-division elective in the Mechanical Engineering technology program at Old Dominion University (ODU).

A training program in Lean enterprise was developed by the author for Northrop Grumman Newport News Apprentice School. This training program contains seven modules, which can be either used independently or as one cohesive unit. Upon completion of this course, the students will understand the fundamental principles of Lean and the value of reducing waste within an organization. They will be familiar with

Proceedings of the 2005 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition Copyright  2005, American Society for Engineering Education1

Verma, A. (2005, June), Physical Simulations In Classroom As A Pedagogical Tool For Enhancing Instruction In Engineering Technology Programs Paper presented at 2005 Annual Conference, Portland, Oregon. 10.18260/1-2--14887

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