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Points of Departure. Understanding Gender Differences in Faculty Turnover Intentions at University of X

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Conference

2020 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access

Location

Virtual On line

Publication Date

June 22, 2020

Start Date

June 22, 2020

End Date

June 26, 2021

Conference Session

Women in Engineering Division Technical Session 8

Tagged Division

Women in Engineering

Tagged Topic

Diversity

Page Count

19

DOI

10.18260/1-2--35062

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/35062

Download Count

173

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Paper Authors

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Robin O. Andreasen University of Delaware

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Robin O. Andreasen (Ph.D. University of Wisconsin-Madison) is Associate Professor of Linguistics and Cognitive Science. She earned her PhD in philosophy and specializes in philosophy of science, philosophy of social science, and in science and policy. A race and gender scholar, Dr. Andreasen is research director and co-PI for UD’s ADVANCE-IT grant.

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Shawna Vican University of Delaware

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Shawna Vican is an Assistant Professor of Sociology and Criminal Justice at the University of Delaware. She received her Ph.D. in Sociology from Harvard University. An organizational sociologist, Dr. Vican investigates the adoption and implementation of new employment practices and corporate social behaviors. Across her research, Dr. Vican explores how organizational policies and practices, managerial behavior, and workplace culture shape individual career outcomes as well as broader patterns of labor market inequality. Her current research includes a qualitative study of corporate diversity management strategies and a series of mixed-methods projects on diversity in the academic workforce.

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Yvette A Jackson University of Massachusetts Dartmouth

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Yvette Jackson, Professor of Synthetic Organic Chemistry, recently retired from the University of the West Indies where she was Pro-Vice-Chancellor, Graduate Studies, with responsibility for graduate education across all campuses of the university. Professor Jackson joined the UD ADVANCE institute at UD in September 2017.

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Abstract

Points of Departure. Understanding Gender Differences in Faculty Turnover Intentions at University of X

The University of X (UX) currently holds an NSF ADVANCE Institutional Transformation grant. The grant’s broad aims are to recruit, retain, and advance faculty who are under-represented in their field, such as women in STEM. In this paper, we discuss our efforts to better understand faculty retention patterns at UX. We are interested not only in whether there are gender-based disparities in retention within or across disciplines; we also aim to understand the underlying factors driving faculty turnover. We have examined retention using a number of data sources and methods of analysis. Preliminary analyses examined retention patterns by gender within various time windows ranging from five to fifteen years. Here, we found both gender and disciplinary differences, but noted that this type of analysis does not control for variation in environmental conditions (e.g., economic factors, institutional culture, leadership changes, etc.) that might influence turnover intentions. We followed up by conducting several cohort analyses comparing the career outcomes (retention and promotion) of women and men hired or promoted within the same three year time window. Again, we found gender and disciplinary differences. However, simply knowing that women are leaving (or are retained) in larger proportions relative to men doesn’t explain the factors contributing to observed gender differences. For example, if women are leaving at higher proportions than men, it could be because of a poor climate or because they are leaving to improve some aspect of their professional life. To gain a deeper understanding of the types of factors that influence turnover intentions at UX, we analyzed our faculty climate survey data and have conducted faculty retention interviews. After reporting on the above findings, we identify potential strategies that institutions can implement to promote faculty retention.

Andreasen, R. O., & Vican, S., & Jackson, Y. A. (2020, June), Points of Departure. Understanding Gender Differences in Faculty Turnover Intentions at University of X Paper presented at 2020 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual On line . 10.18260/1-2--35062

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