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Poverty and Guidance: Challenges and Opportunities in Mathematics Preparation for Engineering

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Conference

2020 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access

Location

Virtual On line

Publication Date

June 22, 2020

Start Date

June 22, 2020

End Date

June 26, 2021

Conference Session

NSF Grantees: K-12 Session 1

Tagged Topic

NSF Grantees Poster Session

Page Count

13

DOI

10.18260/1-2--35063

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/35063

Download Count

127

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Paper Authors

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Eliza Gallagher Clemson University Orcid 16x16 orcid.org/0000-0002-9579-8777

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Dr. Gallagher is an Assistant Professor of Engineering and Science Education at Clemson University, with joint appointments to Mathematical Sciences and Education & Human Development. Her research interests include student cognition in mathematics, development of teacher identity among graduate teaching assistants, and curricular reform to foster diversity and inclusion in STEM fields. She is co-PI on an NSF INCLUDES Design and Development Launch Pilot, "Statewide Coalition: Supporting Underrepresented Populations in Precalculus through Organizational Redesign Toward Engineering Diversity (SC:SUPPORTED)," Award #EEC-1744497.

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Anna Marie Vagnozzi Clemson University

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Anna Marie Vagnozzi is a Graduate Research Assistant in the Department of Engineering and Science Education at Clemson University. She holds a master's degree in Mathematical Sciences from the Clemson School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences.

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Rachel Lanning Clemson University

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Rachel Lanning is a Graduate Research Assistant in the Department of Engineering and Science Education at Clemson University. Her disciplinary background is in mathematics with a mathematics Master's degree from Georgia Southern University. Her research interests include well-being and departmental culture as it pertains to STEM graduate students.

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D. Andrew Brown Clemson University Orcid 16x16 orcid.org/0000-0003-2715-7190

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Dr. Andrew Brown obtained his PhD in Statistics from the University of Georgia, after which he joined the Department of Mathematical Sciences at Clemson University. In addition to collaborative work, his methodological research interests are in Bayesian statistical models with applications in uncertainty quantification and neuroimaging.

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Christy Brown Clemson University

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Dr. Christy Brown is a Clinical Assistant Professor of Quantitative Methodology in the Department of Education and Human Development (EHD) at Clemson University. She is the director of the EHD Quantitative Clinic, which provides statistical support to educational researchers.

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Kristin Kelly Frady Clemson University Orcid 16x16 orcid.org/0000-0002-4194-8848

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Kristin Frady is an Assistant Professor at Clemson University jointly appointed between the Educational and Organizational Leadership Development and Engineering and Science Education Departments. Her research focuses on innovations in workforce and career development in educational, community, and industry contexts, specifically focusing on middle skills, STEM, and community college applications.

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Julia Machele Brisbane Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Orcid 16x16 orcid.org/0000-0002-9580-0646

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Julia Brisbane is a Ph.D. student in the Engineering Education Department at Virginia Tech and an M.S. student in the Virginia Tech – Wake Forest University School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences Engineering. She received her Bachelors of Science in Bioengineering from Clemson University. She was previously an undergraduate research assistant in Clemson University's Engineering and Science Education Department. Her research interests include undergraduate research experiences, diversity and inclusion in engineering, and intersectionality.

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Michael A. Matthews P.E. University of South Carolina

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Professor Matthews received his PhD from Texas A&M University in 1986. He was a member of the faculty at the University of Wyoming from 1987 to 1993, and has been at the University of South Carolina since 1994. He currently is Senior Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Programs and Vice Dean in the College of Engineering and Computing

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Joseph Murphy University of California, Los Angeles

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Joseph Murphy is a graduate student of Sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles whose research interests include the mobilization of college knowledge, and the role of institutional agents in promoting college access to STEM programs. He received a B.S. in Sociology from Clemson University.

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Khushikumari Patel Clemson University

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Khushikumari Patel received her PhD in Engineering and Science Education at Clemson University. Her research focus is on student conceptualization in General Chemistry. She also works on projects related to student behavior and factors affecting conceptualization.
She received her undergraduate degree in Chemistry with a minor in secondary education from Millsaps College. She also holds a secondary license to teacher chemistry and general science for middle and high schools in the states of Mississippi and Tennessee. She received her master’s degree in Inorganic chemistry from Tennessee State University.

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Aubrie Lynn Pfirman Lander University

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Aubrie L. Pfirman is an assistant professor of Chemical Education at Lander University. Her research explores the relationships of underrepresented students in the sciences with advisors and mentors, quality STEM programs, and various classroom techniques for conceptual gains. Dr. Pfirman received a B.S. in Chemistry and an Instructional I Certification in Secondary Education from Misericordia University, and her M.S. in Chemistry and Ph.D. in Engineering and Science Education from Clemson University.

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Robert J. Rabb P.E. The Citadel

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Robert Rabb is a professor and the Mechanical Engineering Program Director at The Citadel. He previously taught mechanical engineering at the United States Military Academy at West Point. He received his B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from the United States Military Academy and his M.S.E. and PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Texas at Austin. His research and teaching interests are in mechatronics, regenerative power, and multidisciplinary engineering.

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Richard H Roberts Jr Florence Darlington Technical College

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Mr. Roberts has extensive experience in all sectors of industry and education. He currently is the Managing Director for the South Carolina Advanced Technological Education Center at Florence Darlington Technical College, Florence S.C. As Managing Director, he manages day to day operations, grants writing and a large industry consortium, including an internship program for students in advanced technology programs. He currently is Co-principal investigator on three separate NSF Advanced Technological Education Program grants that address the needs for technician education at two year colleges across the country. Prior to his current position at FDTC he served as Director of Job Placement and Career Services at the Community College of Allegheny County, Pittsburgh, Pa where he worked with industry and helped place students in internships, apprenticeships, and jobs across a multi-campus system serving 20,000 credit students. He also served Vice President of Family/Children’s Services and Program Development for Lifesteps, Inc a large non-profit in the Western Pennsylvania area. He has served in various executive level management/supervisory positions within non-profit organizations, private industry and education including Penn State University and as a User Analyst/Subject Matter Expert for Lockheed Martin IMS. He has held the held appointed and elected positions of Legislative Affairs Chair for the Pennsylvania Association of Educational Program Personnel, Chairman, Zoning Hearing Board in his municipality from 2003-2007, Elected to the position of School Director in the South Butler County School District (Knoch H.S.) and held that position continually before completed his school board tenure in December 2015. Appointed and served on the Executive Board of the Pa. Midwestern Intermediate Unit #4 and recently held a seat on the West Jefferson Hills, Pa Chamber of Commerce executive board.

Mr. Roberts holds a Bachelor’s degree in Police Administration from Eastern Kentucky University, and a Master’s degree in the Administration of Justice from Shippensburg University. He has also completed 18 post graduate credits toward his doctorate degree while attending Point Park University, Pittsburgh, Pa.

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Ronald W. Welch P.E. The Citadel

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Ron Welch (P.E.) received his B.S. degree in Engineering Mechanics from the United States Military Academy in 1982. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Civil Engineering from the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana in 1990 and 1999, respectively. He became the Dean of Engineering at The Citadel on 1 July 2011. Prior to his current position, he was the Department Head of Civil Engineering at The University of Texas at Tyler from Jan 2007 to June 2011 as well as served in the Corps of Engineers for over 24 years including eleven years on the faculty at the United States Military Academy.

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Anand K. Gramopadhye Clemson University

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Dr. Anand K. Gramopadhye’s research focuses on solving human-machine systems design problems and modeling human performance in technologically complex systems such as health care, aviation and manufacturing. He has more than 200 publications in these areas, and his research has been funded by NIH, NASA, NSF, FAA, DOE, and private companies.
Currently, he and his students at the Advanced Technology Systems Laboratory are pursuing cutting-edge research on the role of visualization and virtual reality in aviation maintenance, hybrid inspection and job-aiding, technology to support STEM education and, more practically, to address information technology and process design issues related to delivering quality health care.
As the Department Chair, he has been involved in the initiation of programmatic initiatives that have resulted in significant growth in the Industrial Engineering Program, situating it in the forefront both nationally and internationally. These include the Online Master of Engineering in Industrial Engineering Program, the Endowed Chairs Program in Industrial Engineering, Human Factors and Ergonomics Institute and the Clemson Institute for Supply Chain and Optimization and the Center for Excellence in Quality.
For his success, he has been recognized by the NAE through the Frontiers in Engineering Program, and he has received the College’s Collaboration Award and the McQueen Quattlebaum Award, which recognizes faculty for their outstanding research. In addition, Dr. Gramopadhye serves as Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics and on the editorial board for several other journals.

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Abstract

The Statewide Coalition Supporting Underrepresented Populations in Precalculus through Organizational Redesign Toward Engineering Diversity (SC:SUPPORTED), a Design and Development Launch Pilot funded under the National Science Foundation INCLUDES program, is a coalition of secondary districts and postsecondary institutions throughout South Carolina that have joined together to address the systemic issue of mathematics preparation and placement for students pursuing or intending to pursue engineering degrees.

In Year One of the project, we used individual data for all 21,656 first-year STEM-intending students enrolled in a public two- or four-year postsecondary institution with ABET-accredited engineering programs in the state to identify specific pathways with high rates of placement in or above calculus, pathways with balanced rates of placement in/below calculus, pathways with high rates of placement below calculus, and “missing” pathways: ones that produced disproportionately few engineering-intending students. From the pathways analysis we identified target locations for focus groups to identify factors that do not readily appear in institutional data, such as the impact of guidance counselor recommendations in a student’s selection of their last high school math course taken. Broad themes emerging from the focus groups provided additional insight into potential interventions at multiple points along educational pathways. These themes also contributed to both the development of a survey for statewide administration and a follow-up study to develop profiles of school district decision-making with direct and indirect effects on mathematics preparation and major selection of students from that district.

As we conclude Year Two of our launch pilot, in this paper we integrate a subset of results from different aspects of the project to address both quantitative impact and qualitative context of the roles that poverty and guidance play in gaining access to engineering in South Carolina.

Gallagher, E., & Vagnozzi, A. M., & Lanning, R., & Brown, D. A., & Brown, C., & Frady, K. K., & Brisbane, J. M., & Matthews, M. A., & Murphy, J., & Patel, K., & Pfirman, A. L., & Rabb, R. J., & Roberts, R. H., & Welch, R. W., & Gramopadhye, A. K. (2020, June), Poverty and Guidance: Challenges and Opportunities in Mathematics Preparation for Engineering Paper presented at 2020 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual On line . 10.18260/1-2--35063

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