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Professional and Personal Use of Reflection by Engineering Faculty, Students, and Practitioners

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Conference

2018 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Salt Lake City, Utah

Publication Date

June 23, 2018

Start Date

June 23, 2018

End Date

July 27, 2018

Conference Session

Maker Communities and Authentic Problem Solving

Tagged Division

Educational Research and Methods

Page Count

16

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/30896

Download Count

54

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Paper Authors

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Adam R. Carberry Arizona State University Orcid 16x16 orcid.org/0000-0003-0041-7060

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Dr. Adam Carberry is an associate professor at Arizona State University in the Fulton Schools of Engineering, The Polytechnic School. He earned a B.S. in Materials Science Engineering from Alfred University, and received his M.S. and Ph.D., both from Tufts University, in Chemistry and Engineering Education respectively. Dr. Carberry was previously an employee of the Tufts’ Center for Engineering Education & Outreach.

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Trevor Scott Harding California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

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Dr. Trevor S. Harding is Professor and Chair of Materials Engineering at California Polytechnic State University where he teaches courses in synthetic and biological polymers, materials selection, and fracture mechanics. He has conducted educational research in the areas of ethical decision making, reflection and innovative pedagogies for the past 19 years. He serves as Associate Editor of the journal Advances in Engineering Education. He has served as division chair for the Community Engagement Division and Materials Division of ASEE. Dr. Harding was invited to deliver a workshop on Ethics in the Engineering Curricula at the 2009 NSF Engineering Awardees Conference and to participate in the NSF Project Based Service Learning Summit. He received the 2008 President’s Service Learning Award for innovations in the use of service learning at Cal Poly. In 2004 he was named a Templeton Research Fellow by the Center for Academic Integrity. Dr. Harding received both the 1999 Apprentice Faculty Grant and 2000 New Faculty Fellow Award for his contributions to engineering education.

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Patrick J. Cunningham Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

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Patrick Cunningham is an Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology. During the 2013-14 academic year he spent a sabbatical in the Department of Engineering Education at Virginia Tech. Dr. Cunningham's educational research interests are student metacognition and self-regulation of learning, reflective pedagogies, and faculty development. His disciplinary training within Mechanical Engineering is in dynamic systems and control with applications to engine exhaust aftertreatment.

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Kristine R. Csavina Colorado School of Mines

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Dr. Kristy Csavina is a Teaching Professor and Assistant Department Head in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the Colorado School of Mines. She has her bachelors degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Dayton and her doctorate in Bioengineering from Arizona State University.

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Michelle Choi Ausman California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

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Michelle Choi Ausman is a Liberal Arts and Engineering Studies Bachelors of Arts candidate at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. She is concentrating on ethical engineering design and minoring in English and Psychology. She is a Technical Writing Intern at Ernie Ball Music Man in San Luis Obispo, CA. Currently, she is working on the 2Towns Project in Sacramento, California to help redesign the K Street Passageway, as part of her Liberal Arts and Engineering Studies curriculum. In June 2018, she will travel as part of the Cal Poly Service in Action program to work with the people of Lima, Peru to help with efforts in regards to children’s health and human services.

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Diana Lau California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

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Diana Lau, a Los Angeles native, is a senior engineering undergraduate at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. She is focusing her studies on product design development and packaging engineering. Lau’s passion to empower, encourage, and mentor young girls to pursue a STEM education has inspired her to volunteer her time to help at outreach events. She currently serves as an officer for the nationally recognized Society of Women Engineers collegiate section at Cal Poly. Lau hopes that STEM education can also reach and retain people who thrive in non-traditional learning environments; she is actively developing an after-school enrichment program that focuses on the benefits of a “flipped classroom” teaching model. Lau will be interning at Northrop Grumman for the summer of 2018.

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Abstract

Reflection has long been considered an important aspect of professional practice. Educated practitioners utilize reflection to connect the knowledge of their fields, infuse this knowledge with meaning, and intertwine knowledge with their own personal identities. Recently the Consortium to Promote Reflection in Engineering Education (CPREE) has made considerable progress in promoting reflection across the engineering education community within the United States. The following study leverages the authors’ involvement, experiences, and observations within CPREE to capture the use of reflection in professional and personal settings through the lens of engineers in different contexts - faculty, students, and practitioners.

Researchers from four distinctly different institutions have collected data from 460 engineering participants (67 faculty, 267 students, and 93 practitioners). Participants were asked to respond to three open-ended prompts asking them to: 1) define reflection in their own words, 2) provide examples of reflection use in their personal lives, and 3) provide examples of reflection use in their professional and/or academic lives. A set of codes were developed to categorize responses. Definitions align with theoretical perspectives, including reflection-on-action (looking back), reflection-in-action (during), and reflection-then-action (looking forward). Personal use codes include making meaning of experiences, personal improvement, checking against one’s morals, and spiritual experiences among others. Professional use included such codes as making meaning of experiences, checking against one’s morals, improvement of learning, and monitoring performance.

This paper will present our overall results including comparisons of definitions with use and comparisons of definitions and uses across the three groups. The emerging findings will provide a better understanding of engineers’ use of reflection. This will provide a foundation for future work investigating change efforts at our institutions that aim to increase faculty and engineering students’ learning of reflection as a professional engineering skill and their associated reflective practice within teaching, learning, and engineering work.

Carberry, A. R., & Harding, T. S., & Cunningham, P. J., & Csavina, K. R., & Ausman, M. C., & Lau, D. (2018, June), Professional and Personal Use of Reflection by Engineering Faculty, Students, and Practitioners Paper presented at 2018 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Salt Lake City, Utah. https://peer.asee.org/30896

ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2018 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015