June 24, 2007
June 24, 2007
June 27, 2007
Energy Conversion and Conservation
12.1212.1 - 12.1212.9
PSCAD Simulation in a Power Electronics Application Course Abstract
This paper introduces computer simulation studies of basic power electronics circuits using a Power System Computer Aided Design (PSCAD) software package in a junior/senior level power electronics course in a four-year electrical engineering technology institution. The Power Electronics Applications course mainly covers the following topics: Operation and characteristics of switching devices, rectifiers, dc-dc converter and inverters. Simulation of the power electronics circuits provides students an opportunity to observe the circuit parameters and signal waveforms before actual circuit wiring is completed. Case studies include a half-wave input-output rectifier, a buck converter and a full-bridge inverter.
In this paper, a Power System Computer Aided Design (PSCAD) software package is used to accompany the teaching of a power electronics application course. PSCAD is a software package for power system simulations developed by Manitoba HVDC Research Centre1. Free trial and student versions are offered on the web site at www.pscad.com. This is especially attractive for students because they are able to download the software on their personal computer and work on the simulation before or after the laboratory. PSCAD results are solved as instantaneous values in time, but can be converted to phasor magnitudes and angles via built-in transducer and measurement functions. This is very similar to how real system measurements are performed, such as rms meters and Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) spectrum analyzers. The PSCAD simulation tool can therefore duplicate the response of power electronics circuits at all frequencies. Users are able to select time steps ranging from nanoseconds to seconds2. In comparison with other simulation software such as PSpice, PSCAD is specifically targeted to simulate power systems and power electronics circuits. On the other hand, PSpice is a general purpose analog and mixed-signal circuit simulator used to verify circuit designs and to predict circuit behavior.
Case studies discussed in this paper include a half-wave rectifier, a buck converter and a full- bridge inverter. Before the case studies, students were given a tutorial of PSCAD in order to become familiar with the software package. The tutorial includes the following topics: (1) How to locate components in the Master Library; (2) How to configure components; (3) How to assemble components and plot the voltage and current waveforms; (4) How to run the project file and obtain simulation results. A simple voltage divider circuit was built, and output voltage and current were plotted and observed. After the tutorial, students became familiar with the PSCAD software and were ready to proceed to simulate more advanced circuits.
Case study I – Half-wave rectifiers
The first case study is analysis of a half-wave rectifier circuit. During the lecture, students are introduced how a half-wave rectifier works with a pure resistive load and resistive-inductive load. However, without an observation of the voltage and current waveforms at AC and DC terminals, the topic can not be fully comprehended.
Guo, L., & Pecen, R. R. (2007, June), Pscad Simulation In A Power Electronics Application Course Paper presented at 2007 Annual Conference & Exposition, Honolulu, Hawaii. https://peer.asee.org/2985
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