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Real Time Learning In A Distance Course

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2007 Annual Conference & Exposition


Honolulu, Hawaii

Publication Date

June 24, 2007

Start Date

June 24, 2007

End Date

June 27, 2007



Conference Session

Simulation and Virtual Instrumentation

Tagged Division

Engineering Technology

Page Count


Page Numbers

12.1225.1 - 12.1225.20



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Paper Authors

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Sorraya Khiewnavawongsa Purdue University

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Ron Leong Purdue University

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Edie Schmidt Purdue University

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NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract


Internet technology has been widely applied across several industries, including education. In addition to traditional classroom learning, web-based learning is another way to deliver a lesson to students, eliminating physical and geographical boundaries. Since web-based learning communicates through the Internet, it is generally a one-way transaction and instructors do not get the real-time interaction from students as in a classroom. This limitation can be eliminated through collaborative software, Adobe Connect Professional.

Unlike some other distant learning methods, Adobe Connect has some functions that improve communication between instructor and students during a lecture. First, it is equipped with audio and video capabilities. Students can see and hear an instructor as in a classroom. Another benefit is feedback from students. An instructor can ask a question and get responses back from students instantaneously. He/she can poll multiple-choice questions and receive answers from students real-time. If students have spontaneous reactions to an instructor’s comment, the students are able to clarify, discuss or even debate the subject matter by typing their questions in a chat window. Therefore, students will participate more in a lesson than other distant learning methods.

In traditional classrooms, an instructor can present PowerPoint and other programs on a projector. Using Adobe Connect Professional, it allows an instructor to share his/her program window or computer screen so students will see the same screen as their instructor.

A previous paper studied the difference in learning effectiveness between Adobe Connect and traditional classrooms. Results were analyzed by two post-tests and a survey. However, the web-based method used was pre-recorded lecture. The major disadvantage of that method was that students could not communicate back to an instructor. In this study, the real-time method was performed to improve the communication. Pre-test, post-tests and surveys were conducted to evaluate if there was a significant difference between distant learning through Adobe Connect Professional and traditional classroom.


The student’s ability to learn was measured using three dimensions: (1) ability to retain information, (2) ability to comprehend information, and (3) ability to meaningfully apply the knowledge. In a previous study, we were able to establish that there was no statistical difference in the learning progress between the group of students who attended a Material Requirement Planning (MRP) class virtually and the group of students who attended the same topic class in a traditional classroom.

As a follow up to a similar study conducted in the previous year[4], this paper hypothesized that there is no difference in the effectiveness of learning between a class in a traditional classroom setting and a virtual classroom setting and provide recommendations for enhancing effective teaching in a real-time distant learning environment. These results and recommendations will benefit all faculty in their future planning when designing a distant learning course.

Khiewnavawongsa, S., & Leong, R., & Schmidt, E. (2007, June), Real Time Learning In A Distance Course Paper presented at 2007 Annual Conference & Exposition, Honolulu, Hawaii. 10.18260/1-2--2467

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