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Recent Hydrodynamic And Recirculation Findings Of The Arabian Gulf

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2006 Annual Conference & Exposition


Chicago, Illinois

Publication Date

June 18, 2006

Start Date

June 18, 2006

End Date

June 21, 2006



Conference Session

Ocean, Marine, and Coastal Engineering Topics

Tagged Division

Ocean and Marine

Page Count


Page Numbers

11.1067.1 - 11.1067.16



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Paper Authors

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Walid Elshorbagy United Arab Emirates University

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Mir Azam Chuden_Cti

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Kouichi Taguchi Chuden-Cti

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Tetsuya Ichikawa Chuden_Cti

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tomohiko terasawa Chuden_Cti

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NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

Recent Hydrodynamic and Recirculation Findings of the Arabian (Persian) Gulf

The Arabian (Persian) Gulf is a strategic water carrier that overlooks major oil- reach gulf countries and transports most of the world traded oil. Understanding its water dynamics is therefore a necessary component for any environmental studies, coastal development projects, and oil pollution prediction models to be undertaken in the region. The current paper reports major findings of recent field observations and hydrodynamic modeling effort conducted in the Arabian Gulf. The field observations were obtained during a hydrographic survey conducted to measure the salinity and temperature in the southern shelf of the Gulf in summer and winter seasons. Salinity and temperature fields were developed to complement the physical data established from earlier studies. Hydrodynamic simulation of the Arabian Gulf was made using a three dimension rectilinear grid system with parallel layers and considering typical seasonal wind fields developed via combining Hellerman historical data with the new data recorded in the southern shelf. Model calibration was carried out via comparing the simulated results with observed levels and currents. The mean flow pattern was then studied by investigating the major factors contributing to the residual current. While the tide was found contributing little to the residual flow, the wind was found to generate strong currents along the coasts of Saudi Arabia and UAE.


The Arabian (Persian) Gulf is an arm of the Arabian Sea located in the North- Temperate tropical margin and bordered by eight countries; Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia (S.A), Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Oman (Figure 1). As these countries host more than 67% of the world oil reserve, the Arabian Gulf is considered one of the most strategic semi-closed seas in the world. The oil-related activities besides other development and anthropogenic

Elshorbagy, W., & Azam, M., & Taguchi, K., & Ichikawa, T., & terasawa, T. (2006, June), Recent Hydrodynamic And Recirculation Findings Of The Arabian Gulf Paper presented at 2006 Annual Conference & Exposition, Chicago, Illinois. 10.18260/1-2--1090

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