Asee peer logo

Recruitment and Retention Efforts to Broaden Participation in Four Computing and Engineering Programs

Download Paper |


2017 Pacific Southwest Section Meeting


Tempe, Arizona

Publication Date

April 20, 2017

Start Date

April 20, 2017

End Date

April 22, 2017

Conference Session

Technical Session 1c

Tagged Topics

Diversity and Pacific Southwest Section

Page Count


Permanent URL

Download Count


Request a correction

Paper Authors


Alvaro Monge California State University, Long Beach

visit author page

Dr. Alvaro Monge has earned BS (UC Riverside, 1991), MS, and PhD (UC San Diego, 1993 and 1997) degrees in computer science. In 1997, he joined the Computer Science Department at the University of Dayton Ohio. In 1999, he joined the Computer Engineering and Computer Science Department at the California State University Long Beach (CSULB) where he is now a tenured full professor. CSULB is a teaching-intensive institution and thus, he has taught classes at different levels from introduction to programming and data structures; to junior level classes in database design; senior level classes on database, web development, and senior projects; and finally to graduate classes in database systems. In 2014, Dr. Monge joined a team at Google that created NCWIT’s EngageCSEdu, an online living collection of peer-reviewed teaching instruments that use research-based techniques that retain and engage students, particularly effective in broadening participation in computing. Dr. Monge’s research interests have evolved over time. Through his participation in an NSF sponsored project, he ventured into computer science education research. Recently, his primary focus has been on efforts to broaden participation in computer science by increasing recruitment and retention of students from underrepresented groups including women, Hispanic/Latino, etc. In addition his current research includes creating assistive technology to make content from web pages accessible to people with low vision.

visit author page


Panadda Marayong California State University, Long Beach

visit author page

Dr. Panadda Marayong is the director of the Robotics and Interactive Systems Engineering (RISE) Laboratory and a Student Training Core Co-Director of the California State University Long Beach BUilding Infrastructure Leading to Diversity (CSULB BUILD) Program. Her primary research interests are in the areas of human-robot cooperative systems for application in rehabilitation, aviation safety, and manufacturing. Additionally, she co-directs numerous engineering outreach programs for underrepresented K-12 students. She has been the faculty advisor of the CSULB Society of Women Engineers chapter since 2008.

visit author page

author page

Shadnaz Asgari California State University, Long Beach

author page

Birgit Penzenstadler

author page

Praveen Shankar California State University, Long Beach Orcid 16x16

Download Paper |


Despite various efforts, the number of female first-time freshmen studying computing and engineering at California State University, Long Beach (CSULB) remains low. In Computer Engineering and Computer Science, the proportion of female students has been declining since 2003 from 25% to 10% in 2014. Through the support from the National Center for Women & Information Technology (NCWIT), we are attempting to break this pattern through directed recruitment and retention strategies.

We adopted recruitment strategies that NCWIT has identified as successful at other universities and that could be implemented at CSULB. These are: increase outreach to admitted students during their decision-making process, improve messaging on relevant websites and printed materials, and conduct roadshows at local high schools and community colleges. The effectiveness of the recruitment strategies is analyzed by surveying students who participated in activities and students who have enrolled in first-year engineering courses. The outreach consisted of an e-mail campaign to students admitted to four computing and engineering programs. The first message congratulated them and provided highlights of the computing/engineering programs and included concise profiles of recent faculty hires, and student organizations. The second message invited students to tour the department, college, and CSULB campus. The campaign was successful as measured by the students who responded with great enthusiasm and who attended the tours.

The retention strategies included creating classroom modules that promote career exploration and strengthen problem solving skills to help foster success during their first year in engineering. The first implementation started in Fall 2016 with the Introduction to Engineering Profession course. This retention strategy emphasizes presenting students with role models to inspire them to an engineering career. In the subsequent spring semester, additional activities will be implemented in the discipline-specific introductory courses for aerospace, mechanical, and computer engineering and computer science. The activities emphasize developing a design solution to a real-life problem to promote problem-solving skills and appreciation of engineering application in everyday life. Pre and post surveys will evaluate the effectiveness in increasing students’ understanding and motivation toward an engineering career.

Another retention strategy consisted of workshops to help faculty and staff understand factors that enhance the success of underrepresented students in engineering. Two of the faculty development workshops were led by postdoctoral researchers at CSULB Motivation and Social Identity Lab, who presented research on factors that draw underrepresented groups into engineering and the barriers they encounter in entering the field. A third workshop was led by a faculty from Harvey Mudd College, where they have had great success increasing the number of women who choose to study computer science, on effective teaching practices for creating equitable learning spaces. The fourth workshop on creating and fostering a growth-minded classroom was led by CSULB faculty from Natural Sciences and Mathematics. Instilling a growth mindset in students has been shown to be effective in student retention.

Monge, A., & Marayong, P., & Asgari, S., & Penzenstadler, B., & Shankar, P. (2017, April), Recruitment and Retention Efforts to Broaden Participation in Four Computing and Engineering Programs Paper presented at 2017 Pacific Southwest Section Meeting, Tempe, Arizona.

ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2017 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015