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Representation Of Women And Minorities In The Science And Engineering Disciplines

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2001 Annual Conference


Albuquerque, New Mexico

Publication Date

June 24, 2001

Start Date

June 24, 2001

End Date

June 27, 2001



Page Count


Page Numbers

6.853.1 - 6.853.11

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Paper Authors

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Nora Christianson

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Henry Russell

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The United States (U.S.) Army Research Laboratory (ARL) has aggressively pursued workforce diversity by establishing a corporate Diversity Advisory Board and a Minority Outreach Program. In cooperation with the Equal Employment Opportunity and Human Resource Management offices, these elements have enabled ARL to make notable progress towards its diversity goals. Workforce diversity is a common goal for both the Government and private industry. Although the workforce diversity covers many issues, it is used here in reference to gender and race, national origin (RNO)∗. ARL has focused recent efforts on the representation of women and minorities in science and engineering fields. In a parallel effort, ARL has augmented the education level of its workforce by establishing graduate study opportunities and recruiting scientists and engineers who hold Doctoral degrees (Ph.D.). In establishing its diversity goals, it became apparent that it was not only necessary to assess ARL’s current posture, but to 1) identify the composition of the civilian labor force (with respect to gender and RNO), 2) identify the representation among the nation’s science and engineering (S&E) Ph.D. recipients, and 3) identify the institutions from which the desired population can be recruited. In the last year, ARL conducted a nationwide study of S&E Ph.D. programs and the distribution of these degrees. As part of this study, the trends for Ph.D. degrees conferred to the women and minority population over the last ten years were identified. This study also identified S&E Ph.D. programs and the number of Ph.D.s awarded by Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU)and Minority Institutions (MI). This study has been expanded to include an examination of representation in the nation’s S&E occupations. This study was performed using data from over a dozen federal and private agencies that track education and occupation statistics. A common thread among these resources was acknowledgement of the shortage of women and minorities in the S&E disciplines.

Christianson, N., & Russell, H. (2001, June), Representation Of Women And Minorities In The Science And Engineering Disciplines Paper presented at 2001 Annual Conference, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

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