Asee peer logo

Residential Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) Modeling and Effect on the Smart Grid from the Classroom Point of View

Download Paper |

Conference

2014 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Indianapolis, Indiana

Publication Date

June 15, 2014

Start Date

June 15, 2014

End Date

June 18, 2014

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

Electrical Energy Courses - Labs and Projects

Tagged Division

Energy Conversion and Conservation

Page Count

16

Page Numbers

24.1045.1 - 24.1045.16

DOI

10.18260/1-2--22978

Permanent URL

https://216.185.13.131/22978

Download Count

736

Request a correction

Paper Authors

biography

Nattee Cheeweewattanakoon California State University, Northridge

visit author page

A graduate student in the area of electric power systems at Calfornia State University, Northridge, Mr. Cheeweewattanakoon's research interests are power electronics and renewable energy. He is concentrating on residential energy storage and EV2G (electric vehicle to grid).

visit author page

biography

Gurveen Kaur California State University, Northridge

visit author page

Born in India in 1986, Mrs. Kaur received her bachelor of science degree in electrical engineering and a master's of business administration (marketing, HR) from Punjab Technical University. She worked in Punj LLoyd Ltd., India, and gained knowledge about the actual engineering behind the construction of power and process plants. Currently, she is pursuing a master of science degree (power systems) from California State University, Northridge. Her research interests include power systems, energy storage systems, distribution systems, and smart grid and distributed generation.

visit author page

author page

Neha Chawla

author page

Nattee Cheeweewattanakoon

Download Paper |

Abstract

  Residential Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) Modeling and Effect on the Smart Grid from the Classroom Point of View   Energy Storage Systems (ESS) is a technology that has existed for quite a long time. Recentlyowing to a change in the overall structure of the electrical power system, slowly the concept ofthe electricity generation is shifting from the use of non-renewable energy sources (coal, oil etc.)to renewable sources (wind, tidal, solar, geothermal etc.). Due to the penetration of renewableenergy sources into the present day power systems, the use of energy storage systems into powersystem management is becoming a serious issue. The evolution of the concept of energy storagesystems undoubtedly offers new opportunities, challenges and numerous advantages. Over thepast few decades, many new advances have been made in this field of energy storage systems.These energy storage systems help in overcoming the limitations of electricity generation fromrenewable energy sources (the major one being intermittent nature of generation). Besides, thesealso offer a number of advantages like frequency regulation, transient stability, voltage support,flicker compensation, spinning reserve, uninterruptable power supply, load leveling, peakshaving to name a few. Utilization of energy storage systems begins at the transmission levelwhere large scale storage devices are the best options to be used. Next, the small scale energystorage devices are the ones that are used at the consumers end. Small scale energy storage devices include battery energy storage system (BESS), thermalenergy storage (TESS), ultra-capacitors (EDLC), and flywheels. Among the listed small scaleenergy storage systems, Battery Energy Storage systems (BESS) is the most commonly usedcategory of energy storage systems that is used with the renewable energy sources. BatteryEnergy Storage Systems plays a significant role in the integration of small scale renewableenergy sources into the main power system network (a.k.a. smart grid). These can be seen as thedistinct and most viable solution for small scale renewable energy integration due to theirremarkable properties like high energy density, technology up gradation, power density,discharge time, life cycle, response time, cost and efficiency etc.This paper will research the latest advances in energy storage devices as applied to “residentialenergy storage” in the state of California. Furthermore, the paper will demonstrate the modelingand simulation of BESS and the importance of a well-designed BESS, the aggregate effect intostability, voltage regulation and frequency in the smart grid. The aim of this paper is tointroduce a week or two of BESS systems into our Electric Power System Curriculum, mostly atthe senior level courses. LIST OF IEEE REFERENCES1. Bull. Christopher G, “Forging the smart grid – from theory to practice”.2. Kai yang, Walid A, “Outage storage trade off in smart grid networks with renewable energy sources.” Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC), 2012 International Conference. Publication Year: 2012. Page(s): 517-521.3. Such, M.C, Hill.C, “Battery energy storage and wind energy integrated into the smart grid.” Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT), 2012 IEEE PES. Publication Year: 2012, Page(s): 1-4.4. Pang C, Duta, Kezunovic, M. “BEV’s/PHEV’s as dispersed energy storage for V2B uses in the Smart Grid.” Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions, Volume 3. Publication Year: 2012, Page(s): 473 – 482.5. Mohd.A, Ortjohann, Schmelter, Hamsic, Mortan, “Challenges in integrating distributed energy storage systems into future smart grids.” Industrial Electronics, 2008. ISIE 2008. IEEE International Symposium. Publication Year: 2008, Page(s): 1627 – 1632.6. Sechilariu .M, Baochao wang, Locment .F, “Building integrated photovoltaic system with energy storage and smart grid communications”. Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on Volume: 60 , Issue: 4. Publication Year: 2013, Page(s): 1607 – 1618.7. Ota.Y, Taniguchi H, Nakajima T, “Autonomous distributed V2G (Vehicle-to-grid) satisfying scheduled charging.” Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions on Volume 3, Issue 1. Publication year: 2012, Page(s) : 559 - 5648. Bakker V, Molderink A, Bosman M.G.C, “On simulating the effect on the energy efficiency of smart grid technologies.” simulation Conference (WSC), Proceedings of the 2010 Winter. Publication Year: 2010, Page(s) : 393 – 404.9. Tazao T, Ishi D , Yamanaka N, “ Novel Scheduling method to reduce Energy Cost by Cooperative Control of Smart Houses”. Power System Technology (POWERCON), 2012 IEEE International Conference. Publication Year: 2012, Page(s): 1-6.10. Moldrink A, Bakker V, “Three step methodology to improve domestic energy efficiency.” Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT), 2010. Publication Year: 2010, Page(s): 1-8.11. Jauch E.T, “Possible effects of smart grid functions on LTC transformers.” Rural Electric Power Conference (REPC), 2010 IEEE. Publication Year: 2010, Page(s): B1 - B1-10.12. Ghunem R.A, Hamid M, Jayaram S, “Transformer insulation risk assessment under mart grid environment due to enhanced aging effects.” Electrical Insulation Conference (EIC), 2011. Publication Year: 2011 , Page(s): 276 - 27913. Kolodziejczyk Z, Michalski P, “Novel autonomous voltage and current measurement unit for smart grids.” Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion (SPEEDAM), 2012 International Symposium. Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 780 - 78414. Masoum A.S, Moses P.s, “Impact of rooftop PV generation on distribution transformer and voltage profile of res and commercial networks.” Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT), 2012 IEEE PES. Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1 - 715. Songming Zhu, Junjun Zhang, “Testing technology and research on power quality for large scale photovoltaic power station connected to the grid.” Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT Asia), 2012 IEEE. Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1 - 616. Barnas A.K, Balda J.C, “Placement of energy storage coordinated with smart PV inverters”. Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT), 2012 IEEE PES. Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1 - 717. Yan Qi, Hongjie Jia, “Dynamic frequency control of autonomous micro grid based on friendly controllable loads”. Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT), 2013 IEEE PES. Publication Year: 2013, Page(s): 1-6.

Cheeweewattanakoon, N., & Kaur, G., & Chawla, N., & Cheeweewattanakoon, N. (2014, June), Residential Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) Modeling and Effect on the Smart Grid from the Classroom Point of View Paper presented at 2014 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Indianapolis, Indiana. 10.18260/1-2--22978

ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2014 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015