June 15, 2014
June 15, 2014
June 18, 2014
Energy Conversion and Conservation
24.1045.1 - 24.1045.16
Residential Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) Modeling and Effect on the Smart Grid from the Classroom Point of View Energy Storage Systems (ESS) is a technology that has existed for quite a long time. Recentlyowing to a change in the overall structure of the electrical power system, slowly the concept ofthe electricity generation is shifting from the use of non-renewable energy sources (coal, oil etc.)to renewable sources (wind, tidal, solar, geothermal etc.). Due to the penetration of renewableenergy sources into the present day power systems, the use of energy storage systems into powersystem management is becoming a serious issue. The evolution of the concept of energy storagesystems undoubtedly offers new opportunities, challenges and numerous advantages. Over thepast few decades, many new advances have been made in this field of energy storage systems.These energy storage systems help in overcoming the limitations of electricity generation fromrenewable energy sources (the major one being intermittent nature of generation). Besides, thesealso offer a number of advantages like frequency regulation, transient stability, voltage support,flicker compensation, spinning reserve, uninterruptable power supply, load leveling, peakshaving to name a few. Utilization of energy storage systems begins at the transmission levelwhere large scale storage devices are the best options to be used. Next, the small scale energystorage devices are the ones that are used at the consumers end. Small scale energy storage devices include battery energy storage system (BESS), thermalenergy storage (TESS), ultra-capacitors (EDLC), and flywheels. Among the listed small scaleenergy storage systems, Battery Energy Storage systems (BESS) is the most commonly usedcategory of energy storage systems that is used with the renewable energy sources. BatteryEnergy Storage Systems plays a significant role in the integration of small scale renewableenergy sources into the main power system network (a.k.a. smart grid). These can be seen as thedistinct and most viable solution for small scale renewable energy integration due to theirremarkable properties like high energy density, technology up gradation, power density,discharge time, life cycle, response time, cost and efficiency etc.This paper will research the latest advances in energy storage devices as applied to “residentialenergy storage” in the state of California. Furthermore, the paper will demonstrate the modelingand simulation of BESS and the importance of a well-designed BESS, the aggregate effect intostability, voltage regulation and frequency in the smart grid. 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Cheeweewattanakoon, N., & Kaur, G., & Chawla, N., & Cheeweewattanakoon, N. (2014, June), Residential Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) Modeling and Effect on the Smart Grid from the Classroom Point of View Paper presented at 2014 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Indianapolis, Indiana. 10.18260/1-2--22978
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