July 26, 2021
July 26, 2021
July 19, 2022
Community Engagement Division
Reflection is one of the pedagogical components which differentiates service-learning from community service and makes student learning authentic. Reflections have been studied widely within the U.S.; however, it is relatively new in India and less investigated. This paper is an exploratory case study between three institutions from two countries.
The first program is a design-based engineering program that uses the service-learning pedagogy at a large midwestern university in the U.S.. Students reflect individually on a weekly basis and submit a final reflection at the end of the semester. The second program is part of a technology focused institution in southern India and employs reflection in a similar manner to the first. The third program, also a technology focused institution in southern India, adopted the framework of the first program but as a co-curricular activity.
This study was divided in two phases. In the first phase, reflections were coded from each institution applying Jacoby’s framework of General Criteria for Assessing Service-Learning Reflection. The second phase of the study investigated the cross-cultural comparisons and contrasts between the US and India.
The preliminary results showed that students generally reflected at the Surface or Emerging level in their weekly reflections and in Depth in their final reflection. Students occasionally reflected in Depth during the week if they experienced authentic learning and were able to relate with their personal experience. With the increase in international service-learning programs in undergraduate engineering curriculum, the results from this study would help us understand how reflections were perceived, utilized, and assessed across two distinct cultures. The findings presented would help engineering educators understand how to better facilitate service-learning projects that are international and require cross-cultural collaborations.
Dustker, S. M., & Reddy, B. S., & Kandakatla, R., & Joshi, G. H., & Oakes, W. C. (2021, July), Role of Reflection in Service Learning-based Engineering Programs: A Cross-cultural Exploratory and Comparative Case Study in India and the USA Paper presented at 2021 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual Conference. https://peer.asee.org/37691
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2021 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015