June 24, 2007
June 24, 2007
June 27, 2007
12.1287.1 - 12.1287.12
Solar Energy: Innovative, Applied Research Projects for the Sustainability of Developing Countries
Renewable energy is becoming a more popular alternative to traditional energy sources due to issues concerning national security and the environment. Solar technologies are among many other products that are being created within the renewable energy sector on an unprecedented scale. In particular, solar energy is shown to be an ideal power source for the sustainability of developing countries. Its ever-increasing output efficiency and usefulness for a variety of locations make it an optimal choice for every region. Students from universities around the globe may be taught about solar technologies in order to facilitate important advancements for the needs of their countries.
The intrinsic qualities of solar design afford it great utility for the following reasons: 1) most developing countries are located in remote regions with optimal access to the sun’s rays, 2) traditional energy sources in developing countries harm the health of humans and exploit the ecosystem, 3) rising global independence of fossil fuels has encouraged the use of alternative energy, which will also increase competition and lower the costs of solar power, 4) solar photovoltaic systems are relatively affordable as well as applicable to single homes and entire villages alike, which is ideal for many families living in remote locations, and 5) passive solar design is inexpensive, provides renewable energy through precise building design, and may be coupled with solar panels to achieve maximum energy efficiency.
The previously mentioned topics will be addressed to exemplify why solar power is the best choice for sustainable, renewable energy in developing countries. The purpose of this is to support the future implementation of innovative, applied research projects within the engineering and engineering technology disciplines of international universities. This paper includes an example of a model program for student participation in hands-on, competitive research projects using solar energy. An increase in the number of students who are learning this necessary technology and its practical applications helps to ensure a decrease in future global energy needs.
The increasing availability of cheaper solar energy resources is helping Third World countries to develop in a more sustainable manner. Research within this industry continues to increase the efficiency of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems, increase the competition between manufacturers, and lower prices for consumers. Although solar power is not the only renewable energy source able to be used today, its practicality for sun-belt areas which have less wind and water resources make it a superlative choice for most developing countries. The mounting practicality and availability of this energy source has encouraged various organizations and governments to install PV in developing countries through sustainable energy projects.
The versatility of solar energy is exemplified through its various applications for single houses, entire electrical grids, and even automobiles. Buildings which are supplemented with PV panels
Dees, O., & Foroudastan, S. (2007, June), Solar Energy: Innovative, Applied Research Projects For The Sustainability Of Developing Countries Paper presented at 2007 Annual Conference & Exposition, Honolulu, Hawaii. 10.18260/1-2--1756
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2007 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015