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Sustainable Production of Ethanol from Kudzu: Experimental Prototype Studies

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Conference

2016 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

New Orleans, Louisiana

Publication Date

June 26, 2016

Start Date

June 26, 2016

End Date

June 29, 2016

ISBN

978-0-692-68565-5

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

Subjects in Renewable Energy and Sustainability in ET

Tagged Division

Engineering Technology

Page Count

13

DOI

10.18260/p.25989

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/25989

Download Count

626

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Paper Authors

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Cyril B Okhio P.E. Kennesaw State University Orcid 16x16 orcid.org/0000-0001-8418-6110

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Cyril B. Okhio is a Faculty at the Southern Polytechnic College of Engineering & Engineering Technology, Kennesaw State University and an Adjunct Professor at Clark Atlanta University’s Dual Degree Engineering Program. He earned his B.S. (Engineering) and Ph.D. (Mechanical Engineering) degrees from, and was an (Science and Engineering Research Council) SERC Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at the University of London. He is registered as a Chartered Professional Engineer (CPE) with the Council of Registered Engineers, United Kingdom; a Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, UK and a Member of the Institute of Transportation Engineers, USA. Dr. Okhio has many years of administrative experience including Chairmanship of a Mechanical Engineering Department. Dr. Okhio understands that most engineering problems require multi-disciplinary solutions that embrace the new concepts of PLM approach so that the resulting solutions can be sustainable and all encompassing.
Dr. Okhio has carried out experimental and numerical investigations of, and developed statistical analysis tools and computer codes, for the calculation of complex fluid flows. Some of this work has been published in international journals. He is currently involved in multi-disciplinary research and development concerning Condition Monitoring of Engineered Systems; applications of Additive Manufacturing Tools to the study of Design for Manufacturability of Engineering Components and Systems; Vehicular Systems and Safety Engineering, associated with SPSU Visualization & Simulation Research Center for which he is a co-PI. Dr. Okhio is very familiar with the level of technology and development, world-wide. He has visited many countries including Taiwan, Japan, Saudi Arabia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Ghana, Senegal, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Italy, France, and he lived in the United Kingdom for more than 12 years. He is married with two children.

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Florian Misoc Southern Polytechnic College of Engr and Engr Tech

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Dr. Florian Misoc is an Associate Professor in the Southern Polytechnic College of Engineering at Kennesaw State University.
Dr. Misoc earned his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Kansas State University. He also holds a Master's of Science Degree in Engineering Technology from Pittsburg State University, and a Bachelor's Degree in Physics from the University of Bucharest, Romania. He is a registered Professional Engineer in the state of Arkansas. Dr. Misoc's research is in the areas of renewable energy (generation, transmission and distribution), power electronics, and vehicular systems.

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Austin B. Asgill Kennesaw State University

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Dr Austin B. Asgill received his B.Eng.(hons) (E.E.) degree from Fourah Bay College, University of Sierra Leone, his M.Sc. (E.E.) degree from the University of Aston in Birmingham, and his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the University of South Florida. He is currently a Professor and Department Chair of Electrical and Computer Engineering Technology at Kennesaw State University (KSU). Prior to joining the faculty at KSU (formerly SPSU), he was an Associate Professor of Electronic Engineering Technology at Florida A&M University (FAMU), where he served as Program Area Coordinator and Interim Division Director. With over 25 years of teaching experience in Electrical/Electronic Engineering and Engineering Technology, he currently teaches in the areas of networking, communication systems, biomedical instrumentation, digital signal processing, and analog and digital electronics. He has worked in industry in the areas of telephony, networking, switching and transmission systems, and RF and MMIC circuits and system design. Dr. Asgill also has an MBA in Entrepreneurial Management from Florida State University. He has served on the board of the Tau Alpha Pi (TAP) National ET Honors Society since 2012 (Chair 2012-2014). He is a Senior Member of the IEEE, a Member of the ASEE, and is a licensed Professional Engineer (P.E.) in the state of Florida.

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Aarick Aroz Zaman

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Jarred Lee Prince

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Olajimi Mark

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Brion Allen Daffinson Southern Polytechnic State University

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Brion Daffinson is a Field Engineer at Amendia in Marietta, GA. Since graduating from Southern Polytechnic State University in May of 2015, he has taken his knowledge of mechanical design to the spinal device industry. Brion supports orthopedic surgeons and neurosurgeons with clinical issues, investigates medical device improvements, designs surgical instrumentation, and assists training and education of spine implants and procedures. He is a Certified SolidWorks Associate and is greatly interested in spine implant and instrument design. He finds it extraordinarily gratifying to develop a device to improve upon patients’ lives and allow them to walk pain free. He hopes to gain experience in this field and hopefully play a part in the successful evolution of spine surgery procedures.

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Olugbemiga Olatidoye Clark Atlanta University

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Dr. Olugbemiga A. Olatidoye is a tenured full Professor of Engineering at Clark Atlanta University (CAU). He is the Director and founder of the Visualization, Simulation and Design Laboratory (ViSiDeL) (A Virtual Reality Lab), and the newly created Center for Alternative, Renewable Energy, Technology and Training (CARET2) / AUC Sustainable Campus Community Initiative (ASCCI) / Center for Additive Manufacturing. He is the Coordinator of Dual Degree Engineering program at CAU, (http://www.cau.edu/Academics_DDEP_Welcome.aspx). He also directs the Electronic Commerce Resource Center (ECRC) at CAU. Among other Centers he directed at CAU are Army High Performance Computing Center (AHPCRC) and DoD Major Shared Resource Center (Army Research Laboratory (ARL), Army Corp of Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (CEWES) and Aeronautic System Center (ASC) Wright Patterson Air Force Base), all of which are Department of Defense (DoD) funded projects (http://www.visidel.cau.edu) (http://www.caret2.com).

Dr. Olatidoye received his Bachelor degree in Architectural Engineering in areas of Structures from North Carolina A&T State University in 1982. He completed his Masters degree in Architecture (Solar Energy), at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), another Master degree in Civil Engineering, in Engineering Computer Graphics at Georgia Institute of Technology and State University (Georgia Tech), Atlanta. Other degrees from Georgia Tech are Knowledge Engineering and Doctorate degree with emphasis on Intelligent Graphics. He was a member of the Board of Directors at Georgia Tech. He is also a member of the Board of Director for the Georgia Youth Apprenticeship program of the Atlanta Public Schools. He is a Structural Engineer by practice. His research areas include “The Design and Application of an Optimization Model for Thermal Performance of Atrium Buildings”, his thesis at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia in 1985, leads to the “Development of a User Friendly Micro Computer Analysis Method For Assessing Energy Retrofit Options In Residential and Light Commercial Building”. Other areas of research are on Biofuel production, Structural Dynamic, Visualization, Simulation and Design. He is presently the faculty advisor for the Students Chapter of the National Society of Black Engineers at the Atlanta University Center (AUC). He had chaired and presented at several notable conferences such as World Automation Congress Conference. Recently he was selected to serve on the proposal review panels for National Science Foundation (NSF) Interactive Graduate Education and Research Training (IGERT) program as a Lead reviewer, Writer, Reader and Scribe. Prof. Olatidoye has written over 90 proprietary technical papers that span over four Universities and Industries. He has also several publications in refereed journals and conference proceedings and Chair several Conference sessions and as invited speaker on several occasions. He started a consulting firm 1985, Tido Tech International (TTi), http://www.ttics.com. He is a member of the “Men of Valor” at the East West Church in Marietta, Georgia. He is also a member of the US Army Science Board.

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Abstract

Sustainable Production of Ethanol from Kudzu: Experimental Prototype Studies

Abstract Experiments show that Georgia Kudzu contains about a 50/1 carbon/nitrogen ratio. The generally accepted and in-use carbon to nitrogen ratio is around 30/1 and this can usually be achieved through well understood fermentation and distillation technologies as described here. These processes are the techniques through which Ethanol is extracted form sugar cane and corn. This research effort shows that Kudzu Plant (a wild growing weed/plant in the state of Georgia and elsewhere) can be a viable, however not a standalone source of ethanol. The initial focus of this effort was on the plant itself, and the current associated products and uses. As the literature revealed, Kudzu is a viable source of Ethanol. Thus, with this renewable source of Ethanol, it is conceivable that a good alternative source for the enhancement of Bio-Fuels production from Algae and other Vegetable Oils has been found. The later effort then provided the needed basis for the answers to the “how” aspects of the production technology. The initial design approach in this effort, were limited to three aspects: harvesting, processing and product distribution. The final designs show strong promise for Ethanol production from Kudzu. These will include ergonomic harvesting, processing the material from actual plant matter, all the way to distillation into Ethanol, and conceptual designs for harvesting from places where Kudzu has become a nuisance in combination with harvesting from Kudzu farms yet to be established.

Key Words: Sustainable, Energy source, Ethanol, Kudzu Plant, Vines, Tap-Roots, Fermentation, distillation, Sugar Cane, Algae, Vegetable Oils, Corn, Carbon-to-Nitrogen Ratio, Ergonomic harvesting, Processing, Design of experiment

Okhio, C. B., & Misoc, F., & Asgill, A. B., & Zaman, A. A., & Prince, J. L., & Mark, O., & Daffinson, B. A., & Olatidoye, O. (2016, June), Sustainable Production of Ethanol from Kudzu: Experimental Prototype Studies Paper presented at 2016 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, New Orleans, Louisiana. 10.18260/p.25989

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