June 14, 2009
June 14, 2009
June 17, 2009
14.1171.1 - 14.1171.17
Technology-Enhanced Instructional Design in Construction: Framework and Case Study Abstract
Teaching construction at the university level is a challenging task due to the complexity of construction activities and the logical/temporal/spatial interdependencies among them. Technology-enhanced instruction, if properly designed, has a great potential for helping students to reduce the tremendous amount of cognitive load when learning about the construction process and keeping them actively engaged for high level tasks such as evaluation and decision-making. This paper outlines a design framework that can be used to develop technology-supported teaching tools that will help achieve the desired learning objectives for any subject matter. The framework is built by integrating the existing well- established literature in instructional design with the commonly accepted strategies in active learning and interaction design. Its student-centered approach to design is reflected in the incorporation of students’ learning style within the design process. To illustrate, the framework was applied to develop hypothetical software that would be a material management learning module. This was then compared to an independently created learning module that used mobile technologies – tablet PCs and sensors – to simulate a virtual jobsite and served the same learning objectives as those of the hypothetical module. Evaluation of the learning module was performed using a small but representative sample. The evaluation includes student performance data, student feedback, and our observational data. The paper will also conclude with lessons learned and considerations for additional development of mobile technologies for instruction.
Construction as a discipline is difficult to teach in the traditional classroom as much pedagogy concerns spatial reasoning about the layout of job sites, materials flows, work areas, etc. Furthermore, construction projects are large, always changing, and, at least for students, inherently unsafe for much more than a field trip. With the advancement of modern technology, this challenge can be overcome by creating a learning environment that virtually expands the classroom beyond the walls of the engineering school building. A simulated jobsite on a computing device equipped with good visualization and manipulation capabilities will provide students with virtual but meaningful learning experiences. Such a technology-and-content-rich environment is also a great condition for active learning – an instructional approach that has been warmly embraced by and desired among educators due to its teaching effectiveness.
The promising potential of an effective technology-supported classroom only becomes reality if properly designed instruction is in place. This requires not only effective pedagogical design but also an efficient and innovative interface design. Instructional design in itself is a difficult task, especially for a domain complex as construction where any learning goal is a multifaceted goal that requires students to understand both the various components of the physical environment and the way these components relate to and react with one another in space and over time. Technology adds one more dimension
Nguyen, T., & Mondragon Solis, F., & O'Brien, W., & Schmidt, K. (2009, June), Technology Enhanced Instructional Design In Construction: Framework And Case Study Paper presented at 2009 Annual Conference & Exposition, Austin, Texas. 10.18260/1-2--4727
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