June 14, 2015
June 14, 2015
June 17, 2015
Women in Engineering
26.1506.1 - 26.1506.11
Texas versus California: Trends in Gender Diversity and Impacts by Engineering DisciplineAcross the past decade there has been tremendous growth in Bachelor’s (BS) degreeattainment in US engineering schools coupled with clear challenges towards advancinggender diversity. The two largest US states, Texas and California, both have multiplepublic university systems that educate engineers in accredited programs that includeuniversities with strong reputations. The focus of this assessment is to explore trends ingender diversity for engineering BS degrees produced by public universities in both statesusing ASEE data and other sources. In 2013, California represented about 12 percent ofthe US population and the public systems in California provided an education toapproximately 10 percent of engineering BS degree recipients for that year. In the sameyear, Texas represented about 8 percent of the US population and the public universitysystems in Texas provided an education to approximately 6 percent of the engineering BSdegree recipients. In 2005, the first year wherein detailed data by gender and ethnicitywas collected by ASEE, the gender diversity for the two California public systemsaltogether was about 18.2%. By 2013 this had declined to 17.5%, which lags the overallUS female fraction by 1.6%. For Texas, the female fraction declined from 20.1% in 2005to 17.7%. At first glance, it might appear that this is a fair comparison. It is not. Eachstate has a considerably different mix in engineering disciplines being produced by thepublic systems. For example, Texas publics train nearly as many chemical engineers asthe California publics. And, Texas publics produce about forty percent of US petroleumengineers whereas California publics do not produce petroleum engineers. This paperwill explore the intersection between disciplinary emphases and gender diversity acrossboth states.
Bowman, K. J. (2015, June), Texas versus California: Trends in Gender Diversity and Impacts by Engineering Discipline Paper presented at 2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, Washington. 10.18260/p.24843
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