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The 4th Industrial Revolution and the Coming Talent War

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2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Tampa, Florida

Publication Date

June 15, 2019

Start Date

June 15, 2019

End Date

October 19, 2019

Conference Session

College Industry Partnerships Division Technical Session 3

Tagged Division

College Industry Partnerships

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Paper Authors


David Pistrui University of Detroit Mercy

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David Pistrui, Ph.D.

David Pistrui, Ph.D., is an executive, educator, and entrepreneur, with over 35 years of experience serving the corporate, nonprofit, and education sectors. Dr. Pistrui has held corporate leadership positions with both Fortune 500, and midsized companies including VideoCart, MediaOne, Parade Publications, Time Incorporated, and Purex Industries.

Dr. Pistrui has worked with a wide range of organizations in over 60 countries including Ford, Tenneco, Siemans, GM, Eaton, Dentsu, FedEx, KPMG, AT Kearney, Motorola, Wrigley, IBM, GrubHub, Comarch, Minnetronix, Cleversafe, Automation Alley and the World Economic Forum among many others.

Currently Dr. Pistrui is leading a consortium of ten Michigan universities and colleges
(and their industry partners) in a multi-year applied research project focusing on Industry 4.0 (the fourth industrial revolution).

Dr. Pistrui has served as an economic advisor to the states of Michigan, North Carolina and Illinois, Austrian Federal Economic Chamber, AutoCluster Styira (Austria), Bahrain Institute of Banking and Finance, Middle East Economic Digest, and the Family Firm Institute.

As an educator, he has held faculty appointments at the University of Detroit Mercy, Fayetteville State University (North Carolina), Illinois Institute of Technology, DePaul University, and Alfred University. He has held endowed chairs in entrepreneurship and family business. Dr. Pistrui has co-authored over 60 publications in the areas of talent development, artificial intelligence, robotics, technology entrepreneurship, strategy, family business, and engineering education.

Dr. Pistrui holds a Ph.D. in Applied Economics (Cum Laude) Entrepreneurship and Strategy, from Universität Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain, and a Ph.D., in Sociology from the University of Bucharest, Romania. He earned a Master of Arts in Liberal Studies degree from DePaul University (Chicago) and a Bachelor of Business Administration, in Marketing and Economics from Western Michigan University.

David Pistrui, Ph.D.
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m - 312-371-8190

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Darrell K. Kleinke P.E. University of Detroit Mercy

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Dr. Kleinke has over 25 years of industry experience in the design and development of electro-mechanical systems. As a tenure-track faculty member and Chair of the University of Detroit Mercy Mechanical Engineering department, he has developed a program of instruction that promotes student-lead design of assistive technology products for people with disabilities. The guiding principle is that student project work is more meaningful and fulfilling when students have the opportunity to experience interaction with real live "customers." Dr. Kleinke is currently the Director of the Graduate Engineering Professional Programs, emphasizing Systems Engineering and Graduate Product Development programs.

In addition to academic work, Dr Kleinke continues his involvement in industry as he conducts seminars on innovation which are tailored to the needs of industrial product companies. Dr Kleinke's work with the Detroit-based technology hub, Automation Alley, is engaging academia in the dissemination of Industry 4.0 knowledge to support the regional industrial ecosystem.

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The 4th Industrial Revolution and the Coming Talent War - Today, the 4th Industrial revolution (Industry 4.0) is in full progress, reshaping the technology landscape and redefining the requirements for talent trained in state-of-the-art technologies. Technology demand is out-pacing training capacity, causing an all-out war for talent. The Manufacturing Institute reports that over the next decade 3.5 million manufacturing jobs are going to need to be filled, yet two million of these jobs will remain unfilled. Furthermore, the World Economic Forum estimates that 65% of children entering primary school today will ultimately end up working in completely new job types that currently do not exist. This research seeks to identify emerging trends, pinpoint challenges and opportunities and gain insights into the technical, cultural and socio-economic forces shaping the talent pipeline, and what the implications are for industry and educators in the years ahead. This research will produce the new insights into how Industry 4.0 is shaping the talent needs in the U.S. and around the world. The research objectives are to: 1. Gain insights into the emerging trends and forces shaping the talent today and the emerging talent needs of tomorrow. 2. Explore the intersections and relationships between the eight segments of Industry 4.0, including the identification of specific needs related to talent development. 3. Identify the talent centric challenges and opportunities facing industry as they relate to Industry 4.0 and the eight technological sectors. 4. Gain insights into the cultural and generational forces shaping the talent pipeline, and how they relate to current and future employment and job creation. 5. Assess the implications of Industry 4.0 for industry, educators and policy makers.

This research will include valuable new insights into the future talent needs related to the eight segments of Industry 4.0. Armed with these data-driven insights and new knowledge, industry and educators will be better prepared to collaborate and lead their company or institution’s talent development strategies. The research outcomes include: 1. A data-driven and rigorous overview of the current state of the talent pipeline and what the future needs will be to guide industry and educators to work together to strengthen the human component of Industry 4.0. 2. A comprehensive overview of the talent landscape including key trends and implications related to demographics, generational shifts and human interface associated with the eight technology sectors driving Industry 4.0. 3. A detailed list of the challenges and opportunities related to developing the necessary talent pipeline that will be required for U.S. industry to maintain a global leadership position. 4. An informed recommendation of what industry, education and government can do to collectively develop, grow and maintain appropriate talent pools to leverage Industry 4.0 and the eight technology sectors associated with it.

Pistrui, D., & Kleinke, D. K. (2019, June), The 4th Industrial Revolution and the Coming Talent War Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida. 10.18260/1-2--33367

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