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The effects of employment on undergraduate student academic performance

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Conference

2020 ASEE North Central Section conference

Location

Morgantown, West Virginia

Publication Date

March 27, 2020

Start Date

March 27, 2020

End Date

May 20, 2020

Page Count

22

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/35748

Download Count

686

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Paper Authors

biography

Xinyu Zhang West Virginia University

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Dr. Xinyu Zhang is a Teaching Assistant Professor in the Fundamentals of Engineering Program of Benjamin M. Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resource at West Virginia University. She received her Ph.D. in Environmental Engineering in 2012 from University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC). Her research interests include STEM education, environmental engineering, and biomanufacturing.

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biography

Liangcheng Yang Illinois State University

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Dr. Yang is an Assistant Professor of Environmental Health at Illinois State University. He received his Master degree in Environmental Engineering from the University of Tennesse-Knoxville in 2009, and Ph.D. degree in BioEnvironmental Engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 2013.

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Abstract

This paper employs a systematic approach to review previous studies conducted in multiple countries on the effect of employment on undergraduate student academic performance. This review focuses on understanding the population and characteristics of students taking jobs while studying, the positive and negative effects of paid work on student academic performance, and if there is a threshold of work hours. It was found that a high percentage range, 27.2-97 percent, of college students were reported to take jobs while studying, with the main purpose of obtaining financial stability or acquiring needed skills for future long term employment in the field of study. More than a half of studies showed that employment has negative effects on academic performance and only one study concluded more positive than negative effects. For those that reported mixed results, the threshold was found to be 10-25 hours per week. This information may be used to guide undergraduate students in taking employment when considering their study and work balance.

Zhang, X., & Yang, L. (2020, March), The effects of employment on undergraduate student academic performance Paper presented at 2020 ASEE North Central Section conference, Morgantown, West Virginia. https://peer.asee.org/35748

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