Morgantown, West Virginia
March 27, 2020
March 27, 2020
May 20, 2020
This paper employs a systematic approach to review previous studies conducted in multiple countries on the effect of employment on undergraduate student academic performance. This review focuses on understanding the population and characteristics of students taking jobs while studying, the positive and negative effects of paid work on student academic performance, and if there is a threshold of work hours. It was found that a high percentage range, 27.2-97 percent, of college students were reported to take jobs while studying, with the main purpose of obtaining financial stability or acquiring needed skills for future long term employment in the field of study. More than a half of studies showed that employment has negative effects on academic performance and only one study concluded more positive than negative effects. For those that reported mixed results, the threshold was found to be 10-25 hours per week. This information may be used to guide undergraduate students in taking employment when considering their study and work balance.
Zhang, X., & Yang, L. (2020, March), The effects of employment on undergraduate student academic performance Paper presented at 2020 ASEE North Central Section conference, Morgantown, West Virginia. https://peer.asee.org/35748
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2020 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015