June 24, 2007
June 24, 2007
June 27, 2007
Educational Research and Methods
12.1418.1 - 12.1418.16
The Effects of STOMP on Students’ Attitudes and Understandings toward the Engineering Design Process
At Tufts University there exists an engineering educational outreach program called the Student Teacher Outreach Mentorship Program. This program is designed to take engineering students and place them in K-12 outreach to act as mentors for teachers and students. Previous research conducted on the program showed that participation in the program helped students develop much needed citizenship and communication skills. Administrators of the program have long hypothesized that the program also assists in the development of deeper understandings of engineering related concepts. The following research is a preliminary study supporting just such a claim. Through a series of attitudinal surveys, knowledge assessments, and observations focused on the individuals’ experience and the engineering design process, the effects of a teaching experience.
Engineering is an active discipline and therefore should be taught actively. At the undergraduate level, this active aspect is typically lost among the countless hours spent within the classroom, learning through lecture, reading, and abstract thinking. Over the past two decades, engineering education has begun to move away from employing passive teaching methodologies toward more active approaches. This movement is guided by published principles , theories [2-4], and guidelines [5, 6] that assert that good practice in undergraduate education requires a strong emphasis on experiences.
One such method to elicit experience is through the use of educational outreach opportunities. Over the past decade or so, educational outreach opportunities in engineering have been rapidly on the rise. Current programs include development of classroom materials [7-9], outreach activities on and off campus , holding sponsored engineering contests , and performing professional development workshops for K-12 teachers. These programs, although designed with specific individual purposes, are all built on four main principles: to provide undergraduate engineering students with a situated service learning experience , to increase students’ awareness and interest in technology , to provide all individuals with the skills to function in and around technology , and for students to gain a sense of citizenship as engineers.
The following paper will investigate the origins behind why such a strong emphasis should be placed on experiential learning and then show preliminary results to the effects on attitudes and understandings of the engineering design process by one such outreach program, the Student Teacher Outreach Mentorship Program (STOMP). The engineering design process is defined using the Massachusetts State Standards (Figure 1). The engineering design process is used in this study based on its uniqueness to engineering.
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2007 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015